The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Rectus Abdominis

Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of Rectus Abdominis


High impact information on Rectus Abdominis

  • However, GlcN6P concentrations increased 500- and 700-fold in glucosamine-infused animals in rectus abdominis (590+/-80 vs. 1.2+/-0.1 micromol/kg wet wt, P<0.001) and heart (7,703+/-993 vs. 11.2+/-2.3 micromol/kg wet wt, P<0.001) [6].
  • The GlcN6P concentrations in the heart and rectus abdominis muscle reach levels sufficient to cause allosteric activation of glycogen synthase and inhibition of hexokinase [6].
  • Despite inducing severe whole-body insulin resistance and decrease in glycogen synthase fractional activity in rectus abdominis muscle (69+/-3 vs. 83+/-1%, P<0.01) and heart (7+/-1 vs. 32+/-4%, P<0.001), glucosamine did not change the glycogen content in rectus and even increased it in the heart (209+/-13 vs. 117+/-9 mmol/kg dry wt, P<0.001) [6].
  • The rates of 2-deoxyglucose uptake were determined from the accumulation of 2-[1-14C]deoxyglucose-6-phosphate and 2-[1-14C]deoxyglucose-6-phosphate combined with the rate of the incorporation of 2-[1-14C]deoxyglucose into glycogen in rectus abdominis muscle and the heart [7].
  • The rate of 2-deoxyglucose uptake was 29% underestimated in rectus abdominis muscle, when counts found in glycogen were not included in glucose uptake calculations (398 +/- 25 vs. 564 +/- 25 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1), P < 0.001) [7].

Chemical compound and disease context of Rectus Abdominis


Biological context of Rectus Abdominis

  • This level of tissue induction was raised several-fold by the simultaneous addition of comparatively low doses of TGF-beta1 (0.5, 1.5, and 5 microg), which by itself induces bone formation in the rectus abdominis at doses of 5 microg/100 mg of carrier matrix [12].
  • Magnetic stimulation was applied to the vertex and the T12 and S1 spinous processes for transcortical, thoracic, and sacral stimulation, respectively, and compound muscle action potentials were recorded simultaneously from the rectus abdominis (RA) and the right and left abductor hallucis (AH) muscles using three channels [13].
  • Plasma concentrations of endothelin-1, skin-forearm temperature gradient (Tgrad), rectal temperature, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were measured at nine predetermined times before, during and after operation in nine women undergoing breast reconstruction with a pedicled transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap [14].
  • SETTING: Laboratory. INTERVENTIONS: We evaluated the ability of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) B and fibroblast growth factor 2 plasmid DNA, formulated in a type I collagen matrix, to promote tissue survival in a rat transverse rectus abdominis muscle flap model based on the inferior deep epigastric vascular supply [15].
  • Heat production in the rectus abdominis muscle, measured by direct microcalorimetry, was significantly lower after metoprolol [16].

Anatomical context of Rectus Abdominis

  • To address this issue, we performed percutaneous biopsies of the vastus lateralis in lean and obese control subjects and in obese patients with IGT and NIDDM and open biopsies of the rectus abdominis at cesarian section in lean and obese gravidas and gravidas with GDM [17].
  • METHODS: Fetal small bowel from either BALB/c (H-2d) or C3H/He (H-2k) mice was transplanted into the space between the peritoneum and rectus abdominis of adult C3H/He recipient mice [18].
  • The cholinergic potency of the four isomers was evaluated in vitro on guinea pig ileum and frog rectus abdominis models, and the results show that (-)-1, which has the same absolute configuration as L-(+)-muscarine, is a selective and potent muscarinic agent [19].
  • Dequalinium was also examined for its actions at nicotinic receptors in skeletal muscle and was found to be a potent, non-competitive antagonist of carbachol contractions of the frog rectus abdominis [20].
  • Citrate synthase (CS) activity was used as an index of oxidative capacity, and was determined in the following muscles: soleus, plantaris, costal diaphragm, crural diaphragm, and in all four abdominal muscles: rectus abdominis, transversus abdominis, external oblique, and internal oblique [21].

Associations of Rectus Abdominis with chemical compounds


Gene context of Rectus Abdominis

  • A single application of OP-1, in conjunction with an insoluble collagenous matrix as carrier (5, 25, and 125 microg/100 mg of carrier matrix) induced bone differentiation in the rectus abdominis of the baboon [12].
  • Immunohistochemical analysis of bFGF, TGF-beta1 and catalase in rectus abdominis muscle from cattle foetuses at 180 and 260 days post-conception [25].
  • The motor blockade of the rectus abdominis muscles was assessed quantitatively by rectified integrated electromyographic recordings (RIEMG) and as number of turns in EMG recordings [changes in the direction (rise/fall) of the EMG; TURNS] from three different segmental levels, T7, T9 and T11 [26].
  • In rectus abdominis, GLUT4 content was similar in the lean, obese, and GDM gravidas whether normalized per milligram membrane protein (relative levels were 1.0 +/- 0.2, 1.3 +/- 0.1, and 1.0 +/- 0.2, respectively) or per wet weight, total protein, and DNA [17].
  • We studied NOS2 expression (mRNA and protein) and activity and its role in contractile function in samples from rectus abdominis muscle obtained during surgical procedure in 16 septic patients and in 21 controls [27].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Rectus Abdominis


  1. Low-dose heparin. A cause of hematoma of rectus abdominis. Tsapatsaris, N.P. Arch. Intern. Med. (1991) [Pubmed]
  2. Molecular effects of dimethylanatoxin on the peripheral nicotinic acetylcholine receptor. Costa, A.C., Swanson, K.L., Aracava, Y., Aronstam, R.S., Albuquerque, E.X. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1990) [Pubmed]
  3. Periumbilical rectus abdominis perforator preservation significantly reduces superficial wound complications in "separation of parts" hernia repairs. Saulis, A.S., Dumanian, G.A. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. (2002) [Pubmed]
  4. An anatomic study of the venous drainage of the transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap. Carramenha e Costa, M.A., Carriquiry, C., Vasconez, L.O., Grotting, J.C., Herrera, R.H., Windle, B.H. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. (1987) [Pubmed]
  5. Neutrophil lipoxygenase activation and leukosequestration in postischemic myocutaneous flaps: role of LTB4. Kirschner, R.E., Chiao, J.J., Fyfe, B.S., Hoffman, L.A., Davis, J.M., Fantini, G.A. Am. J. Physiol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  6. Allosteric regulation of glycogen synthase and hexokinase by glucosamine-6-phosphate during glucosamine-induced insulin resistance in skeletal muscle and heart. Virkamäki, A., Yki-Järvinen, H. Diabetes (1999) [Pubmed]
  7. Incorporation of [3-3H]glucose and 2-[1-14C]deoxyglucose into glycogen in heart and skeletal muscle in vivo: implications for the quantitation of tissue glucose uptake. Virkamäki, A., Rissanen, E., Hämäläinen, S., Utriainen, T., Yki-Järvinen, H. Diabetes (1997) [Pubmed]
  8. Pharmacological activity of N-methyl-carbamylcholine, a novel acetylcholine receptor agonist with selectivity for nicotinic receptors. Boksa, P., Quik, M., Mitchell, J.B., Collier, B., O'Neil, W., Quirion, R. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  9. Effect of nizatidine and ranitidine on the D-tubocurarine neuromuscular blockade in the toad rectus abdominis muscle. Kounenis, G., Koutsoviti-Papadopoulou, M., Elezoglou, V. Pharmacol. Res. (1994) [Pubmed]
  10. The effect of imipramine on isolated skeletal muscle preparations. Dhattiwala, A.S. Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol. (1977) [Pubmed]
  11. Differential blockade of potassium and carbachol contractures of toad isolated rectus abdominis muscle by calcium entry blockers, ketamine and hydrallazine. Savage, A.O., Olokodana, N.A. Archives internationales de pharmacodynamie et de thérapie. (1988) [Pubmed]
  12. Recombinant transforming growth factor-beta1 induces endochondral bone in the baboon and synergizes with recombinant osteogenic protein-1 (bone morphogenetic protein-7) to initiate rapid bone formation. Ripamonti, U., Duneas, N., Van Den Heever, B., Bosch, C., Crooks, J. J. Bone Miner. Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  13. A new method to measure caudal motor conduction time using magnetic stimulation. Han, T.R., Paik, N.J., Lee, S.J., Kwon, B.S. Muscle Nerve (2004) [Pubmed]
  14. Perioperative plasma endothelin-1 concentrations and vasoconstriction during prolonged plastic surgical procedures. Tuominen, H.P., Svartling, N.E., Tikkanen, I.T., Saijonmaa, O., Asko-Seljavaara, S. British journal of anaesthesia. (1995) [Pubmed]
  15. Platelet-derived growth factor B, but not fibroblast growth factor 2, plasmid DNA improves survival of ischemic myocutaneous flaps. Hijjawi, J., Mogford, J.E., Chandler, L.A., Cross, K.J., Said, H., Sosnowski, B.A., Mustoe, T.A. Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill. : 1960) (2004) [Pubmed]
  16. When asleep, one is cooler on beta-blockade than on placebo. A study of pulmonary arterial blood temperature and skeletal muscle heat production in anaesthetized man. Fagher, B., Magnússon, J., Monti, M., Thulin, T., Werner, O. Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. (1988) [Pubmed]
  17. Gene expression of GLUT4 in skeletal muscle from insulin-resistant patients with obesity, IGT, GDM, and NIDDM. Garvey, W.T., Maianu, L., Hancock, J.A., Golichowski, A.M., Baron, A. Diabetes (1992) [Pubmed]
  18. Specific acceptance of fetal bowel allograft in mice after combined treatment with anti-intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 antibodies. Kato, Y., Yamataka, A., Yagita, H., Okumura, K., Fujiwara, T., Miyano, T. Ann. Surg. (1996) [Pubmed]
  19. Resolution, absolute configuration, and cholinergic enantioselectivity of (-)- and (+)-c-2-methyl-r-5-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-1,3-oxathiolane t-3-oxide methiodide and related sulfones. Teodori, E., Gualtieri, F., Angeli, P., Brasili, L., Giannella, M. J. Med. Chem. (1987) [Pubmed]
  20. Dequalinium: a potent inhibitor of apamin-sensitive K+ channels in hepatocytes and of nicotinic responses in skeletal muscle. Castle, N.A., Haylett, D.G., Morgan, J.M., Jenkinson, D.H. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  21. Influence of exercise training on the oxidative capacity of rat abdominal muscles. Uribe, J.M., Stump, C.S., Tipton, C.M., Fregosi, R.F. Respiration physiology. (1992) [Pubmed]
  22. The conversion of 2-chloroalkylamine analogues of oxotremorine to aziridinium ions and their interactions with muscarinic receptors in the guinea pig ileum. Ringdahl, B., Resul, B., Ehlert, F.J., Jenden, D.J., Dahlbom, R. Mol. Pharmacol. (1984) [Pubmed]
  23. Ontogeny of postural adjustments during sitting in infancy: variation, selection and modulation. Hadders-Algra, M., Brogren, E., Forssberg, H. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1996) [Pubmed]
  24. A cholinoceptor antiserum: its pharmacological properties. Berti, F., Clementi, F., Conti-Tronconi, B., Folco, G.C. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1976) [Pubmed]
  25. Immunohistochemical analysis of bFGF, TGF-beta1 and catalase in rectus abdominis muscle from cattle foetuses at 180 and 260 days post-conception. Orzechowski, A., Gajkowska, B., Wojewódzka, U., Cassar-Malek, I., Picard, B., Hocquette, J.F. Tissue & cell. (2002) [Pubmed]
  26. Motor blockade and EMG recordings in epidural anaesthesia. A comparison between mepivacaine 2%, bupivacaine 0.5% and etidocaine 1.5%. Nydahl, P.A., Axelsson, K., Philipson, L., Leissner, P., Larsson, P.G. Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. (1989) [Pubmed]
  27. Muscular contractile failure in septic patients: role of the inducible nitric oxide synthase pathway. Lanone, S., Mebazaa, A., Heymes, C., Henin, D., Poderoso, J.J., Panis, Y., Zedda, C., Billiar, T., Payen, D., Aubier, M., Boczkowski, J. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
  28. Total sacrectomy and Galveston L-rod reconstruction for malignant neoplasms. Technical note. Gokaslan, Z.L., Romsdahl, M.M., Kroll, S.S., Walsh, G.L., Gillis, T.A., Wildrick, D.M., Leavens, M.E. J. Neurosurg. (1997) [Pubmed]
  29. Acetylcholine bioassay with thin strip of frog rectus abdominis muscle. Nagata, M., Kadota, K. Nippon seirigaku zasshi. Journal of the Physiological Society of Japan. (1977) [Pubmed]
  30. Identification of xanthine oxidase activity following reperfusion in human tissue. Wilkins, E.G., Rees, R.S., Smith, D., Cashmer, B., Punch, J., Till, G.O., Smith, D.J. Annals of plastic surgery. (1993) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities