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MeSH Review

Diagnostic Tests, Routine

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Disease relevance of Diagnostic Tests, Routine


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Chemical compound and disease context of Diagnostic Tests, Routine


Biological context of Diagnostic Tests, Routine


Anatomical context of Diagnostic Tests, Routine


Associations of Diagnostic Tests, Routine with chemical compounds

  • A clinical diagnostic test has been developed, and the human enzyme was separated by acrylamide-gel electrophoresis [31].
  • Users' guides to the medical literature. III. How to use an article about a diagnostic test. A. Are the results of the study valid? Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group [32].
  • However, the result of a differential diagnostic test with metyrapone was compatible with the presence of Cushing's disease [33].
  • There are no totally specific markers for this cell, although tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining has been used extensively as a diagnostic test [34].
  • We conclude that the addition of omeprazole to triple therapy improves efficacy, lessens side effects, and is sufficiently efficacious to obviate the need for a diagnostic test of cure in compliant patients [35].

Gene context of Diagnostic Tests, Routine

  • INTERPRETATION: Because of the strong clustering and highly stereotyped nature of the pathogenetic mutations detected in CADASIL patients, and easy and reliable diagnostic test for CADASIL is feasible [36].
  • Because of the high frequency of GJB2 mutations, mutation analysis of this gene is widely available as a diagnostic test [37].
  • Characterization of variant alleles for low TPMT enzyme activity will help make it possible to assess the potential clinical utility of deoxyribonucleic acid-based diagnostic tests for determining TPMT genotype [38].
  • Because interpretation of the results is straightforward and requires no extensive experience, this assay may be the best available diagnostic test for BCL2 rearrangement [39].
  • As the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are characterized further, a diagnostic test for breast cancer susceptibility becomes feasible [40].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Diagnostic Tests, Routine


  1. Red-cell uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase activity in porphyria cutanea tarda and in other forms of porphyria. Felsher, B.F., Norris, M.E., Shih, J.C. N. Engl. J. Med. (1978) [Pubmed]
  2. Noninvasive tests in the initial evaluation of heart murmurs in children. Newburger, J.W., Rosenthal, A., Williams, R.G., Fellows, K., Miettinen, O.S. N. Engl. J. Med. (1983) [Pubmed]
  3. Neuroendocrine tumor markers. Lamberts, S.W., Hofland, L.J., Nobels, F.R. Frontiers in neuroendocrinology. (2001) [Pubmed]
  4. Application of DNA amplification to pneumocystosis: presence of serum Pneumocystis carinii DNA during human and experimentally induced Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Schluger, N., Godwin, T., Sepkowitz, K., Armstrong, D., Bernard, E., Rifkin, M., Cerami, A., Bucala, R. J. Exp. Med. (1992) [Pubmed]
  5. Comparative diagnostic value of the calcium-pentagastrin test versus the tolbutamide test in a patient with a somatostatinoma. Budmiger, H., Bühler, H., Häcki, W., Stamm, B., Streuli, R., Ammann, R. Gastroenterology (1987) [Pubmed]
  6. Cerebrospinal fluid acetylcholinesterase activity in senile dementia of the Alzheimer type. Tune, L., Gucker, S., Folstein, M., Oshida, L., Coyle, J.T. Ann. Neurol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  7. Appropriate use of predictive values in clinical decision making and evaluating diagnostic tests for TMD. Levitt, S.R., McKinney, M.W. Journal of orofacial pain. (1994) [Pubmed]
  8. Anxiety-induced failure in erectile response to intracorporeal prostaglandin-E1 in non-organic male impotence: a new diagnostic approach. Aversa, A., Rocchietti-March, M., Caprio, M., Giannini, D., Isidori, A., Fabbri, A. Int. J. Androl. (1996) [Pubmed]
  9. The dexamethasone suppression test and DSM-III-R diagnoses in suicide attempters. Westrin, A., Frii, K., Träskman-Bendz, L. Eur. Psychiatry (2003) [Pubmed]
  10. The thyrotropin-releasing hormone test in the diagnosis of unipolar depression. Extein, I., Pottash, A.L., Gold, M.S. Psychiatry research. (1981) [Pubmed]
  11. Serum müllerian inhibiting substance assay--a new diagnostic test for disorders of gonadal development. Forest, M.G. N. Engl. J. Med. (1997) [Pubmed]
  12. Founding mutations and Alu-mediated recombination in hereditary colon cancer. Nyström-Lahti, M., Kristo, P., Nicolaides, N.C., Chang, S.Y., Aaltonen, L.A., Moisio, A.L., Järvinen, H.J., Mecklin, J.P., Kinzler, K.W., Vogelstein, B. Nat. Med. (1995) [Pubmed]
  13. Detection of singlet oxygen production by ESR. Moan, J., Wold, E. Nature (1979) [Pubmed]
  14. Mitochondrial DNA mutation associated with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy. Wallace, D.C., Singh, G., Lott, M.T., Hodge, J.A., Schurr, T.G., Lezza, A.M., Elsas, L.J., Nikoskelainen, E.K. Science (1988) [Pubmed]
  15. Urinary phenyl acetate: a diagnostic test for depression? Sabelli, H.C., Fawcett, J., Gusovsky, F., Javaid, J., Edwards, J., Jeffriess, H. Science (1983) [Pubmed]
  16. Measurement of serum acetaminophen-protein adducts in patients with acute liver failure. Davern, T.J., James, L.P., Hinson, J.A., Polson, J., Larson, A.M., Fontana, R.J., Lalani, E., Munoz, S., Shakil, A.O., Lee, W.M. Gastroenterology (2006) [Pubmed]
  17. Continuous dexamethasone infusion for seven hours in patients with the Cushing syndrome. A superior differential diagnostic test. Biemond, P., de Jong, F.H., Lamberts, S.W. Ann. Intern. Med. (1990) [Pubmed]
  18. A diagnostic test for heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. Sheridan, D., Carter, C., Kelton, J.G. Blood (1986) [Pubmed]
  19. Value of urinary copper excretion after penicillamine challenge in the diagnosis of Wilson's disease. Martins da Costa, C., Baldwin, D., Portmann, B., Lolin, Y., Mowat, A.P., Mieli-Vergani, G. Hepatology (1992) [Pubmed]
  20. The cost-effectiveness of the omeprazole test in patients with noncardiac chest pain. Ofman, J.J., Gralnek, I.M., Udani, J., Fennerty, M.B., Fass, R. Am. J. Med. (1999) [Pubmed]
  21. Re: Assessment of plasma DNA levels, allelic imbalance, and CA 125 as diagnostic tests for cancer. Pisal, N., Sindos, M., Singer, A. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (2003) [Pubmed]
  22. Diagnostic value of HLA-B27 testing ankylosing spondylitis and Reiter's syndrome. Khan, M.A., Khan, M.K. Ann. Intern. Med. (1982) [Pubmed]
  23. The activin receptor-like kinase 1 gene: genomic structure and mutations in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia type 2. Berg, J.N., Gallione, C.J., Stenzel, T.T., Johnson, D.W., Allen, W.P., Schwartz, C.E., Jackson, C.E., Porteous, M.E., Marchuk, D.A. Am. J. Hum. Genet. (1997) [Pubmed]
  24. Identification of a mutation in liver glycogen phosphorylase in glycogen storage disease type VI. Chang, S., Rosenberg, M.J., Morton, H., Francomano, C.A., Biesecker, L.G. Hum. Mol. Genet. (1998) [Pubmed]
  25. Mutations and DNA diagnoses of classical citrullinemia. Kakinoki, H., Kobayashi, K., Terazono, H., Nagata, Y., Saheki, T. Hum. Mutat. (1997) [Pubmed]
  26. Abnormal expression of CD44 variants in the exfoliated cells in the feces of patients with colorectal cancer. Yamao, T., Matsumura, Y., Shimada, Y., Moriya, Y., Sugihara, K., Akasu, T., Fujita, S., Kakizoe, T. Gastroenterology (1998) [Pubmed]
  27. Spectrum bias in the evaluation of diagnostic tests: lessons from the rapid dipstick test for urinary tract infection. Lachs, M.S., Nachamkin, I., Edelstein, P.H., Goldman, J., Feinstein, A.R., Schwartz, J.S. Ann. Intern. Med. (1992) [Pubmed]
  28. The cisternae decorating the red blood cell membrane in congenital dyserythropoietic anemia (type II) originate from the endoplasmic reticulum. Alloisio, N., Texier, P., Denoroy, L., Berger, C., Miraglia del Giudice, E., Perrotta, S., Iolascon, A., Gilsanz, F., Berger, G., Guichard, J. Blood (1996) [Pubmed]
  29. Intravenous adenosine triphosphate during wide QRS complex tachycardia: safety, therapeutic efficacy, and diagnostic utility. Sharma, A.D., Klein, G.J., Yee, R. Am. J. Med. (1990) [Pubmed]
  30. The place of renal scintigraphy in the diagnosis of renal artery stenosis. Fifteen years of clinical experience. van Jaarsveld, B.C., Krijnen, P., Derkx, F.H., Oei, H.Y., Postma, C.T., Schalekamp, M.A. Arch. Intern. Med. (1997) [Pubmed]
  31. Myoadenylate deaminase deficiency: a new disease of muscle. Fishbein, W.N., Armbrustmacher, V.W., Griffin, J.L. Science (1978) [Pubmed]
  32. Users' guides to the medical literature. III. How to use an article about a diagnostic test. A. Are the results of the study valid? Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group. Jaeschke, R., Guyatt, G., Sackett, D.L. JAMA (1994) [Pubmed]
  33. Hormone secretion in alcohol-induced pseudo-Cushing's syndrome. Differential diagnosis with Cushing disease. Lamberts, S.W., Klijn, J.G., de Jong, F.H., Birkenhäger, J.C. JAMA (1979) [Pubmed]
  34. Monoclonal antibodies with specificity for hairy cell leukemia cells. Posnett, D.N., Chiorazzi, N., Kunkel, H.G. J. Clin. Invest. (1982) [Pubmed]
  35. Effect of acid suppression on efficacy of treatment for Helicobacter pylori infection. de Boer, W., Driessen, W., Jansz, A., Tytgat, G. Lancet (1995) [Pubmed]
  36. Strong clustering and stereotyped nature of Notch3 mutations in CADASIL patients. Joutel, A., Vahedi, K., Corpechot, C., Troesch, A., Chabriat, H., Vayssière, C., Cruaud, C., Maciazek, J., Weissenbach, J., Bousser, M.G., Bach, J.F., Tournier-Lasserve, E. Lancet (1997) [Pubmed]
  37. GJB2 mutations and degree of hearing loss: a multicenter study. Snoeckx, R.L., Huygen, P.L., Feldmann, D., Marlin, S., Denoyelle, F., Waligora, J., Mueller-Malesinska, M., Pollak, A., Ploski, R., Murgia, A., Orzan, E., Castorina, P., Ambrosetti, U., Nowakowska-Szyrwinska, E., Bal, J., Wiszniewski, W., Janecke, A.R., Nekahm-Heis, D., Seeman, P., Bendova, O., Kenna, M.A., Frangulov, A., Rehm, H.L., Tekin, M., Incesulu, A., Dahl, H.H., du Sart, D., Jenkins, L., Lucas, D., Bitner-Glindzicz, M., Avraham, K.B., Brownstein, Z., del Castillo, I., Moreno, F., Blin, N., Pfister, M., Sziklai, I., Toth, T., Kelley, P.M., Cohn, E.S., Van Maldergem, L., Hilbert, P., Roux, A.F., Mondain, M., Hoefsloot, L.H., Cremers, C.W., Löppönen, T., Löppönen, H., Parving, A., Gronskov, K., Schrijver, I., Roberson, J., Gualandi, F., Martini, A., Lina-Granade, G., Pallares-Ruiz, N., Correia, C., Fialho, G., Cryns, K., Hilgert, N., Van de Heyning, P., Nishimura, C.J., Smith, R.J., Van Camp, G. Am. J. Hum. Genet. (2005) [Pubmed]
  38. Human thiopurine methyltransferase pharmacogenetics: gene sequence polymorphisms. Otterness, D., Szumlanski, C., Lennard, L., Klemetsdal, B., Aarbakke, J., Park-Hah, J.O., Iven, H., Schmiegelow, K., Branum, E., O'Brien, J., Weinshilboum, R. Clin. Pharmacol. Ther. (1997) [Pubmed]
  39. Interphase FISH detection of BCL2 rearrangement in follicular lymphoma using breakpoint-flanking probes. Vaandrager, J.W., Schuuring, E., Raap, T., Philippo, K., Kleiverda, K., Kluin, P. Genes Chromosomes Cancer (2000) [Pubmed]
  40. THe genetics of familial breast cancer. Cannon-Albright, L.A., Skolnick, M.H. Semin. Oncol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  41. Esophageal biopsy for the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux-associated otolaryngologic problems in children. Yellon, R.F., Coticchia, J., Dixit, S. Am. J. Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
  42. A rapid, PCR based test for differential molecular diagnosis of Prader-Willi and Angelman syndromes. Chotai, K.A., Payne, S.J. J. Med. Genet. (1998) [Pubmed]
  43. Improved molecular diagnosis of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD): validation of the differential double digestion for FSHD. Upadhyaya, M., Maynard, J., Rogers, M.T., Lunt, P.W., Jardine, P., Ravine, D., Harper, P.S. J. Med. Genet. (1997) [Pubmed]
  44. IgA antibodies to tissue transglutaminase: An effective diagnostic test for celiac disease. Troncone, R., Maurano, F., Rossi, M., Micillo, M., Greco, L., Auricchio, R., Salerno, G., Salvatore, F., Sacchetti, L. J. Pediatr. (1999) [Pubmed]
  45. Molecular analysis of genetic differences between Mycobacterium bovis BCG and virulent M. bovis. Mahairas, G.G., Sabo, P.J., Hickey, M.J., Singh, D.C., Stover, C.K. J. Bacteriol. (1996) [Pubmed]
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