Herpes simplex virus 1 infected cell protein 0 forms a complex with CIN85 and Cbl and mediates the degradation of EGF receptor from cell surfaces.Infected cell protein 0 (ICP0) is a 775-residue multifunctional herpes simplex virus protein associated with numerous functions related to transactivation of gene expression and repression of host defenses to infection. We report that an uncharted domain of ICP0 located between residues 245 and 510 contains multiple SH3 domain binding motifs similar to those required for binding to CIN85, the M(r) 85,000 protein that interacts with Cbl. CIN85 and Cbl are involved in endocytosis and negative regulation of numerous receptor tyrosine kinases. We report that ICP0 binds CIN85 in a reciprocal manner and that the complexes pulled down by ICP0 also contain Cbl. We tested the role of ICP0 in the down-regulation of receptor tyrosine kinases by using epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) as a prototypic receptor. In transfection assays, ICP0, in the absence of other viral genes, down-regulated EGF-dependent expression of a reporter gene (luciferase). ICP0 also down-regulated both total and cell surface levels of EGFR in EGF-independent manner. In wild-type virus-infected cells, the surface levels of EGFR were also decreased in the absence of EGF stimulation. Stimulation by EGF enhanced the decrease in surface EGFR. We conclude that ICP0 encodes SH3 domain binding sites that function to down-regulate signaling pathways associated with receptor tyrosine kinases. The results suggest that ICP0 precludes signaling to the infected cells through the receptor tyrosine kinases.
- Herpes simplex virus 1 infected cell protein 0 forms a complex with CIN85 and Cbl and mediates the degradation of EGF receptor from cell surfaces. Liang, Y., Kurakin, A., Roizman, B. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2005) [Pubmed]