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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
Herpes simplex viruses (HSVs) are able to hijack the host-cell IkappaB kinase (IKK)/NF-kappaB pathway, which regulates critical cell functions from apoptosis to inflammatory responses; however, the molecular mechanisms involved and the outcome of the signaling dysregulation on the host-virus interaction are mostly unknown. Here we show that in human keratinocytesHSV-1 attains a sophisticated control of the IKK/NF-kappaB pathway, inducing two distinct temporally controlled waves of IKK activity and disrupting the NF-kappaB autoregulatory mechanism. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation we demonstrate that dysregulation of the NF-kappaB-response is mediated by a virus-induced block of NF-kappaB recruitment to the promoter of the IkappaBalpha gene, encoding the main NF-kappaB-inhibitor. We also show that HSV-1 redirects NF-kappaB recruitment to the promoter of ICP0, an immediate-early viral gene with a key role in promoting virus replication. The results reveal a new level of control of cellular functions by invading viruses and suggest that persistent NF-kappaB activation in HSV-1-infected cells, rather than being a host response to the virus, may play a positive role in promoting efficient viral replication.