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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

beta-Hydroxyisovalerylshikonin induces apoptosis and G0/G1 cell-cycle arrest of endometriotic stromal cells: a preliminary in vitro study.

BACKGROUND: Most of the current medical treatments for endometriosis aim to down-regulate the estrogen activity. However, a high recurrence rate after medical treatments has been the most significant problem. beta-Hydroxyisovalerylshikonin (beta-HIVS) is an ATP non-competitive inhibitor of protein-tyrosine kinases and is considered an apoptosis-inducing agent. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of beta-HIVS on the proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of endometriotic stromal cells. METHODS: We investigated the effects of beta-HIVS on cultured ovarian endometriotic cyst stromal cells (ECSC) by a modified methylthiazoletetrazolium (MTT) assay, a 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation assay and internucleosomal DNA fragmentation assays. The effect of beta-HIVS on the cell cycle of ECSC was determined by flow cytometry. The expression of apoptosis-related molecules was examined in ECSC using western blot analysis. RESULTS: beta-HIVS significantly inhibited the proliferation and DNA synthesis of ECSC and induced apoptosis and G0/G1 phase cell-cycle arrest of these cells. Down-regulation of the B-cell lymphoma/leukaemia-2 (Bcl-2) expression with the activation of caspase-3, caspase-8 and caspase-9 was observed in ECSC after beta-HIVS treatment. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that beta-HIVS induces apoptosis of ECSC by suppressing anti-apoptotic proteins. Although our present findings are preliminary, beta-HIVS could potentially be a therapeutic agent for the treatment of endometriosis.[1]


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