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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Association of THR105Ile, a functional polymorphism of histamine N-methyltransferase (HNMT), with alcoholism in German Caucasians.

BACKGROUND: CNS histamine has been shown to have an inhibitory effect on reward and it is implicated in the etiology of addiction and stress. Histamine N-methyltransferase (HNMT) is believed to be the sole pathway for termination of the neurotransmitter action of histamine in mammalian brain. A common, functional polymorphism, a C314T transition in the HNMT gene, results in a Thr105Ile substitution of the protein encoded. A recent study has shown that the frequency of the Ile105 allele was significantly lower in alcoholics compared to that in non-alcoholics in Finns and Plains American Indians. Following up these results, we tested whether the Thr105Ile polymorphism was associated with alcoholism in German Caucasians. METHODS: Thr105Ile was genotyped in n=366 psychiatrically interviewed German Caucasian ICD-10 lifetime alcoholics, along with n=200 ethnically matched controls. RESULTS: No significant difference was found in the frequency of the Ile105 allele between alcoholics (0.11) and controls (0.10) (chi(2)=0.21, d.f.=1, p=0.647). Likewise, genotype distributions did not differ significantly. However, the frequency of the Ile105 allele was significantly lower in male alcoholics with a family history of alcoholism compared to that in male alcoholics without a family history of alcoholism (chi(2)=4.07, d.f.=1, p=0.044). CONCLUSIONS: In German Caucasians the association of the HNMT Thr105Ile polymorphism with alcoholism was not replicated per se, but a congruent association was found between the Ile105 allele and family history of alcoholism supporting the protective role of the Ile105 allele against alcoholism.[1]

References

  1. Association of THR105Ile, a functional polymorphism of histamine N-methyltransferase (HNMT), with alcoholism in German Caucasians. Reuter, M., Jeste, N., Klein, T., Hennig, J., Goldman, D., Enoch, M.A., Oroszi, G. Drug and alcohol dependence (2007) [Pubmed]
 
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