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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Conformational mAb as a tool for integrin ligand discovery.

alpha(4)beta(1)-Integrin (very late antigen-4 (VLA-4)) mediates cell adhesion to cell surface ligands (VCAM-1). Binding of VLA-4 to VCAM-1 initiates rolling and firm adhesion of leukocytes to vascular endothelium followed by the extravasation into the tissue. VLA-4-dependent adhesion plays a key role in controlling leukocyte adhesive events. Small molecules that bind to the integrin ligand-binding site and block its interaction with natural ligands represent promising candidates for treatment of several diseases. Following a flow cytometric screen for small molecule discovery, we took advantage of a conformationally sensitive anti-beta(1)-integrin antibody (HUTS-21) and a small LDV-containing ligand (LDV-FITC) with known affinity to study binding affinities of several known and recently discovered integrin ligands. We found that binding of the LDV-containing small molecule induced exposure of HUTS-21 epitope and that the EC(50) for antibody binding was equal to previously reported K(d) for fluorescent LDV (LDV-FITC). Thus, binding of HUTS-21 can be used to report ligand-binding site occupancy. We studied binding of two known integrin ligands (YLDV and TR14035), as well as of two novel compounds. EC(50) values for HUTS-21 binding showed good correlation with K(i)s determined in the competition assay with LDV-FITC for all ligands. A docking model suggests a common mode of binding for the small molecule VLA-4 ligands. This novel approach described here can be used to determine ligand-binding affinities for unlabeled integrin ligands, and can be adapted to a high-throughput screening format for identification of unknown integrin ligands.[1]

References

  1. Conformational mAb as a tool for integrin ligand discovery. Njus, B.H., Chigaev, A., Waller, A., Wlodek, D., Ostopovici-Halip, L., Ursu, O., Wang, W., Oprea, T.I., Bologa, C.G., Sklar, L.A. Assay. Drug. Dev. Technol (2009) [Pubmed]
 
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