Interwoven roles of cyclin D3 and cdk4 recruited by ICP0 and ICP4 in the expression of herpes simplex virus genes.Elsewhere this laboratory reported that (i) ICP0 interacts with cyclin D3 but not D1 or D2. The 3 cyclins independently partially rescue DeltaICP0 mutants. (ii) Interaction with cyclin D3 is required for the switch from nuclear to cytoplasmic accumulation of ICP0. (iii) In infected cells cdk4 is activated whereas cdk2 is not. Inhibition of cdk4 results in nuclear retention of ICP0. Overexpression of cyclin D3 reverses the effect of the inhibitor. Here we report the following. (i) cdk4 interacts with ICP0, ICP4, and possibly with ICP8. This interaction is required to recruit cdk4 initially to ND10 and later to the viral replication compartments. (ii) cdk4 inhibitor I reduced or delayed the transcription and ultimately translation of mRNAs of ICP4, ICP27, or ICP8 and to a lesser extent that of the ICP0 gene in wild-type virus-infected cells. (iii) Overexpression of cyclin D3 resulted in a more rapid transcription of these genes. In the presence of inhibitor, the rates of accumulation of the products of these genes resemble those of wild-type virus in the absence of inhibitor. (iv) Overexpression of cyclin D3 also results in mobilization of cdk6 in nuclei of infected cells. We conclude that ICP0 encodes a function that enhances the recruitment of cyclin D3 to ND10 structures to activate cdk4 and that ICP0 along with other viral proteins recruits cdk4 to ND10 structures and ultimately to replication compartments for enhanced expression of viral genes and viral DNA synthesis.
- Interwoven roles of cyclin D3 and cdk4 recruited by ICP0 and ICP4 in the expression of herpes simplex virus genes. Kalamvoki, M., Roizman, B. J. Virol. (2010) [Pubmed]