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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

ATP activates dnaA protein in initiating replication of plasmids bearing the origin of the E. coli chromosome.

ATP is bound to dnaA protein with high affinity (KD = 0.03 microM) and hydrolyzed slowly to ADP in the presence of DNA. ADP is also bound tightly to dnaA protein and exchanges with ATP very slowly. The ATP form is active in replication; the ADP form is not. A unique conformation of oriC, formed in an early initiation stage, depends on dnaA protein being in the ATP form. The subsequent entry of dnaB protein to form a prepriming complex also requires ATP binding and is blocked by bound ADP. Inasmuch as hydrolysis of ATP is far slower than these initiation reactions and since the poorly hydrolyzable analogue ATP gamma S can replace ATP, the ATP function appears to be allosteric. The extraordinary affinity of ATP for dnaA protein, its slow hydrolysis to ADP, the profound inhibition of dnaA functions by ADP, and the very slow exchange of ADP all point to a possible regulatory role for these nucleotides in the cell cycle.[1]


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