The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of anti-epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor antibodies and an anti-EGF receptor recombinant-ricin A chain immunoconjugate on growth of human cells.

The effects of antiepidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) 528 and 225 and a 528-ricin A conjugate on the growth of normal and malignant human cells were tested in vitro. Malignant human cell lines with EGF receptor numbers ranging from 0 to 4 X 10(5) receptors/cell, human fetal fibroblasts, and normal marrow granulocyte/macrophage progenitors (CFU-gm) showed no effect when grown with 10(-12) M to 10(-7) M MAb 225 or 528. MAbs 225 and 528 and EGF also had no effect on the ability of marrow stromal cells to maintain CFU-gm viability in long-term marrow cultures. Reversible growth inhibition of A431 epidermoid and MDA-468 breast carcinoma cells with 2 and 3 X 10(6) EGF receptors/cell, respectively, was observed with both antibodies and with 10(-8) M EGF. In contrast, an immunoconjugate prepared with MAb 528 and recombinant ricin A chain (528-rRA) showed dose-dependent killing over a concentration range of 10(-12) M to 10(-8) M against cells with greater than or equal to 1.2 X 10(5) EGF receptors/cell [concentration that causes 50% inhibition of growth (IC50) values, approximately 10(-12) M to 10(-10) M]. Human fetal fibroblasts (5.6 X 10(4) EGF receptors/cell), melanoma cells without detectable EGF receptors, and human CFU-gm showed IC50 values of greater than 10(-8) M. Killing of KB epidermoid carcinoma cells and 547 ovarian carcinoma cells with 4 and 1.2 X 10(5) EGF receptors/cell by 10(-10) or 10(-11) M 528-rRA was time dependent, but cytotoxicity to 547 cells was not complete even with 48 hours of immunotoxin treatment. Cytotoxicity of 528-rRA was not enhanced by chloroquine or verapamil. In vitro, anti-EGF receptor MAbs cause reversible antiproliferative effects only against malignant cell lines with amplified EGF receptor expression. In contrast, 528-rRA shows potent, specific toxicity to cells with greater than 50,000 EGF receptors/cell. However, kinetics of cell killing with 528-rRA are protracted, suggesting that prolonged exposure may be required for in vivo antitumor effects.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities