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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Peroxynitrite-induced apoptosis in human intestinal epithelial cells is attenuated by mesalamine.

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Peroxynitrite (PN), a potent oxidant, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of gut inflammation and epithelial cell apoptosis. The aim of this study was to investigate mesalamine, a standard therapy for inflammatory bowel disease, to see if it attenuates PN-induced cytotoxicity in human intestinal epithelial cells and if mesalamine directly interacts with PN or its precursor, nitric oxide. METHODS: T84 and HT29 cells were divided in several protocols: mesalamine was administered 2 hours before, simultaneously, or 30 minutes after PN. T84 cells, grown in filter chamber inserts, were used to determine if basolateral or apical administration of PN initiated apoptosis and epithelial barrier function. The effects of mesalamine on PN decomposition and NO half-life were determined. RESULTS: Mesalamine resulted in a dose-dependent decrease in PN-induced apoptosis, whether mesalamine was administered before (>10 micromol/L; IC50, 16 micromol/L), simultaneously (25-200 micromol/L; IC50, 24 micromol/L), or 30 minutes (200 micromol/L) after PN exposure. Mesalamine protected the epithelial barrier function of T84 cells against PN. Mesalamine rapidly degraded PN, whereas the half-life of NO was not affected. CONCLUSIONS: The beneficial effects of mesalamine in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease may involve an attenuation of PN-induced cell injury and apoptosis through direct and indirect mechanisms without affecting NO levels.[1]


  1. Peroxynitrite-induced apoptosis in human intestinal epithelial cells is attenuated by mesalamine. Sandoval, M., Liu, X., Mannick, E.E., Clark, D.A., Miller, M.J. Gastroenterology (1997) [Pubmed]
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