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Gene Review

Upk1a  -  uroplakin 1A

Mus musculus

Synonyms: 1110031P12Rik, AU019298, C87192, Tspan21, UP1a, ...
 
 
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Disease relevance of Upk1a

 

High impact information on Upk1a

  • UPIa presents a high level of terminally exposed mannose residues (located on Man(6)GlcNAc(2) to Man(9)GlcNAc(2)) that are capable of specifically interacting with FimH [2].
  • Using a sensitive approach that combines in-gel glycosidase and protease digestions, permethylation of released glycans, and mass spectrometry, we have elucidated for the first time the native glycoform structures of the mouse UPIa receptor and those of its non-binding homolog, UPIb, and have determined the glycosylation site occupancy [2].
  • Distinct glycan structures of uroplakins Ia and Ib: structural basis for the selective binding of FimH adhesin to uroplakin Ia [2].
  • Our results provide the first in vivo evidence indicating that under physiological conditions, the mannosylated THP can serve as an effective soluble "receptor," binding to the type 1-fimbriated E. coli and competitively inhibiting them from adhering to the uroplakin Ia receptors present on the urothelial surface [3].
 

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Upk1a

  • To localize the UPIa receptor on the 16 nm particles that form two-dimensional crystals of asymmetric unit membrane (AUM) covering >90 % of the apical urothelial surface, we constructed a 15 A resolution 3-D model of the mouse 16 nm AUM particle by negative staining and electron crystallography [4].

References

  1. Uroplakin Ia is the urothelial receptor for uropathogenic Escherichia coli: evidence from in vitro FimH binding. Zhou, G., Mo, W.J., Sebbel, P., Min, G., Neubert, T.A., Glockshuber, R., Wu, X.R., Sun, T.T., Kong, X.P. J. Cell. Sci. (2001) [Pubmed]
  2. Distinct glycan structures of uroplakins Ia and Ib: structural basis for the selective binding of FimH adhesin to uroplakin Ia. Xie, B., Zhou, G., Chan, S.Y., Shapiro, E., Kong, X.P., Wu, X.R., Sun, T.T., Costello, C.E. J. Biol. Chem. (2006) [Pubmed]
  3. Ablation of the Tamm-Horsfall protein gene increases susceptibility of mice to bladder colonization by type 1-fimbriated Escherichia coli. Mo, L., Zhu, X.H., Huang, H.Y., Shapiro, E., Hasty, D.L., Wu, X.R. Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  4. Localization of uroplakin Ia, the urothelial receptor for bacterial adhesin FimH, on the six inner domains of the 16 nm urothelial plaque particle. Min, G., Stolz, M., Zhou, G., Liang, F., Sebbel, P., Stoffler, D., Glockshuber, R., Sun, T.T., Aebi, U., Kong, X.P. J. Mol. Biol. (2002) [Pubmed]
 
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