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Gene Review

prfB  -  peptide chain release factor 2

Escherichia coli O157:H7 str. EDL933

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Disease relevance of prfB

  • The nucleotide and amino acid sequences of prfB are 87.0% and 95.6% homologous between E. coli and S. typhimurium, respectively, including an in-frame premature UGA stop codon at position 26, the site of +1 frameshift for mature RF2 synthesis [1].
  • Bacillus mutants carrying mutations in the structural gene (prfB) for release factor 2 markedly enhanced the level of readthrough of UGA-containing Mycoplasma genes [2].

High impact information on prfB

  • Expression of the cloned prf regulators in trans reversed the effect of the mutations; furthermore, constitutive expression of prfB or prfl could also over-come the repression of S fimbriae in a strain that had lost the pathogenicity islands [3].
  • Termination at UGA competes with selenocysteine (Sec) incorporation at Sec-dedicated UGA codons, and RF2 thereby counteracts expression of selenoproteins. prfB is an essential gene in E. coli and can therefore not be removed in order to increase yield of recombinant selenoproteins [4].
  • Strains carrying mutations in the prfB gene encoding peptide chain release factor 2 of Escherichia coli were isolated. prfB1, prfB2, and prfB3 were selected as suppressor mutations of a lacZ (UGA) mutation at 37 degrees C, one of which, prfB2, is temperature sensitive in growth [5].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of prfB

  • Titration and Conditional Knockdown of the prfB Gene in Escherichia coli: Effects on Growth and Overproduction of the Recombinant Mammalian Selenoprotein Thioredoxin Reductase [4].


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