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MeSH Review

Bacteriophage M13

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Disease relevance of Bacteriophage M13

  • Importantly, it was observed that a significant fraction of deletion mutants of recombinant M13 phages carrying the target gene in the same orientation as 'lacZ alpha' yielded phage that produced lacZ alpha-complementing activity [1].
  • Base-specific damage induced by 4-thiouridine photosensitization with 334-nm radiation in M13 phage DNA [2].
  • The fd phage and a peptide derived from its p8 coat protein interact with the HIV-1 Tat-NLS and inhibit its biological functions [3].
  • The protein synthesized from each hybrid scFv cistron was directed to the E. coli periplasm by the inclusion of distinctive signal secretion sequences preceding each hybrid gene; from pel B of Erwinia cartovora and from gene III of fd phage [4].
  • To increase the possibilities of obtaining antibodies to surface-exposed epitopes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa protein F, we immunized mice with cloned and expressed oprF gene as a gIII-fusion protein displayed on the M13 phage surface [5].

High impact information on Bacteriophage M13

  • A M13 phage peptide library was next constructed and screened with DR1 molecules [6].
  • Single-stranded genomic DNA of recombinant M13 phages was tested as an antisense molecule and examined for its usefulness in high-throughput functional genomics. cDNA fragments of various genes (TNF-alpha, c-myc, c-myb, cdk2 and cdk4) were independently cloned into phagemid vectors [7].
  • We have searched for modulators of MuSK function using a library of human single chain variable region antibodies (scFv) that can be displayed on M13 phage or expressed as soluble protein [8].
  • The DNA polymerase chain reaction was used to amplify regions of cDNA which were subcloned in M13 phage DNA and sequenced by the dideoxy chain-termination method [9].
  • By cloning DNA fragments upstream of a fusion gene, consisting of the beta-lactamase gene flanked by lox recombination sites, which is, in turn, upstream of gene 3 from fd phage, only those clones containing DNA fragments encoding ORFs confer ampicillin resistance and survive [10].

Chemical compound and disease context of Bacteriophage M13

  • We then used a library of random heptapeptides displayed at the surface of the filamentous M13 phage as fusion protein to the NH2-terminal portion of the minor coat protein III [11].
  • In vitro modification of M13 phage single-stranded DNA with 4-hydroxyaminoquinoline 1-oxide (4HAQO) resulted in four kinds of adducts: three guanine adducts, QGI, QGII, and QGIII; and one adenine adduct, QA, at ratios of 16.4 47.3, 13.7, and 22.6, respectively [12].
  • To identify peptides that interfere with pathogenic polyglutamine interactions, we screened a combinatorial peptide library expressed on M13 phage pIII protein to identify peptides that preferentially bind pathologic-length polyglutamine domains [13].
  • Duplex regions of DNA, created when a short DNA strand is annealed to its complementary sequence present in the single stranded form of M13 phage DNA, were efficiently unwound by DNA binding protein in a reaction that required neither ATP nor MgCl2 [14].
  • The aim of this study was to display the serine protease subtilisin 309 (savinase) from Bacillus lentus on the surface of filamentous fd phage and to develop selection schemes that allow the extraction of subtilisin variants with a changed substrate specificity from libraries [15].

Biological context of Bacteriophage M13

  • An amino-terminal sequence and total amino acid composition of the purified Ada protein were in accord with nucleotide sequence of the ada gene, determined by the dideoxy method using M13 phage [16].
  • The presence of Fapy-7-MeGua residues in M13 phage DNA correlated with a significant decrease in transfection efficiency and an increase in mutation frequency in the lacZ gene, when transfected into SOS-induced JM105 E.coli cells [17].
  • To further explore the nature of this defect, the PBS region from integrated proviral genomes was amplified by polymerase chain reaction and individual DNA products were subcloned into M13mp19, followed by a sequence analysis of the PBS region from individual M13 phage clones [18].
  • The mutagenicity of the lipid peroxidation product, malondialdehyde (MDA), was measured in the lacZ alpha forward mutation assay using a recombinant M13 phage, M13MB102 [19].
  • We present here the construction and application of a new phasmid vector system, using the fd phage origin, lambda pL promoter, ompA-leader sequence and pMB1 origin, which allows the preparation of secretable proteins in active form, mutagenesis and gene sequencing, without subcloning steps [20].

Gene context of Bacteriophage M13

  • By monovalently displaying human LIF on the surface of M13 phage and randomizing clusters of residues in regions predicted to be important for human LIFR binding, we have identified mutations, which lead to significant increases in affinity for binding to LIFR [21].
  • A panel of six naïve 14-residue random peptide libraries displayed polyvalently on M13 phage was pooled and sorted against human leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) [22].
  • Here, we describe a new antibody isolated from an M13 phage library that recognizes vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2, VEGFR-2 [23].
  • To identify potential binding partners of glucokinase by a systematic strategy, human beta cell glucokinase was screened by a 12-mer random peptide library displayed by the M13 phage [24].
  • We have developed a procedure to efficiently recover lac repressor mutations (lacI-) from F'lac onto a single-stranded M13 phage vector [25].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Bacteriophage M13


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  2. Base-specific damage induced by 4-thiouridine photosensitization with 334-nm radiation in M13 phage DNA. Ito, A., Robb, F.T., Peak, J.G., Peak, M.J. Photochem. Photobiol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  3. The fd phage and a peptide derived from its p8 coat protein interact with the HIV-1 Tat-NLS and inhibit its biological functions. Krichevsky, A., Rusnati, M., Bugatti, A., Waigmann, E., Shohat, S., Loyter, A. Antiviral Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. Design and expression of a stable bispecific scFv dimer with affinity for both glycophorin and N9 neuraminidase. Atwell, J.L., Pearce, L.A., Lah, M., Gruen, L.C., Kortt, A.A., Hudson, P.J. Mol. Immunol. (1996) [Pubmed]
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  6. Identification of a motif for HLA-DR1 binding peptides using M13 display libraries. Hammer, J., Takacs, B., Sinigaglia, F. J. Exp. Med. (1992) [Pubmed]
  7. Gene knockdown by large circular antisense for high-throughput functional genomics. Lee, Y.H., Moon, I.J., Hur, B., Park, J.H., Han, K.H., Uhm, S.Y., Kim, Y.J., Kang, K.J., Park, J.W., Seu, Y.B., Kim, Y.H., Park, J.G. Nat. Biotechnol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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  11. Identification of the human melanoma-associated chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan antigen epitope recognized by the antitumor monoclonal antibody 763.74 from a peptide phage library. Geiser, M., Schultz, D., Le Cardinal, A., Voshol, H., García-Echeverría, C. Cancer Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
  12. Arrest of DNA elongation by DNA polymerases at guanine adducts on 4-hydroxyaminoquinoline 1-oxide-modified DNA template. Yoshida, S., Koiwai, O., Suzuki, R., Tada, M. Cancer Res. (1984) [Pubmed]
  13. Inhibition of polyglutamine protein aggregation and cell death by novel peptides identified by phage display screening. Nagai, Y., Tucker, T., Ren, H., Kenan, D.J., Henderson, B.S., Keene, J.D., Strittmatter, W.J., Burke, J.R. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  14. Adenovirus DNA binding protein: helix destabilising properties. Monaghan, A., Webster, A., Hay, R.T. Nucleic Acids Res. (1994) [Pubmed]
  15. Display of active subtilisin 309 on phage: analysis of parameters influencing the selection of subtilisin variants with changed substrate specificity from libraries using phosphonylating inhibitors. Legendre, D., Laraki, N., Gräslund, T., Bjørnvad, M.E., Bouchet, M., Nygren, P.A., Borchert, T.V., Fastrez, J. J. Mol. Biol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  16. Purification and structure of the intact Ada regulatory protein of Escherichia coli K12, O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase. Nakabeppu, Y., Kondo, H., Kawabata, S., Iwanaga, S., Sekiguchi, M. J. Biol. Chem. (1985) [Pubmed]
  17. Biological properties of imidazole ring-opened N7-methylguanine in M13mp18 phage DNA. Tudek, B., Boiteux, S., Laval, J. Nucleic Acids Res. (1992) [Pubmed]
  18. Deletions in the tRNA(Lys) primer-binding site of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 identify essential regions for reverse transcription. Rhim, H., Park, J., Morrow, C.D. J. Virol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  19. Induction of mutations by replication of malondialdehyde-modified M13 DNA in Escherichia coli: determination of the extent of DNA modification, genetic requirements for mutagenesis, and types of mutations induced. Benamira, M., Johnson, K., Chaudhary, A., Bruner, K., Tibbetts, C., Marnett, L.J. Carcinogenesis (1995) [Pubmed]
  20. A phasmid optimised for protein design projects: pMAMPF. Szardenings, M., Collins, J. Gene (1990) [Pubmed]
  21. Affinity maturation of leukemia inhibitory factor and conversion to potent antagonists of signaling. Fairlie, W.D., Uboldi, A.D., McCoubrie, J.E., Wang, C.C., Lee, E.F., Yao, S., De Souza, D.P., Mifsud, S., Metcalf, D., Nicola, N.A., Norton, R.S., Baca, M. J. Biol. Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
  22. A family of leukemia inhibitory factor-binding peptides that can act as antagonists when conjugated to poly(ethylene glycol). Fairlie, W.D., Uboldi, A.D., Hemmings, G.J., Smith, B.J., Martin, H.M., Morgan, P.O., Baca, M. Biochemistry (2003) [Pubmed]
  23. Targeting human cancer cells with VEGF receptor-2-directed liposomes. Rubio Demirovic, A., Marty, C., Console, S., Zeisberger, S.M., Ruch, C., Jaussi, R., Schwendener, R.A., Ballmer-Hofer, K. Oncol. Rep. (2005) [Pubmed]
  24. Characterization of glucokinase-binding protein epitopes by a phage-displayed peptide library. Identification of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase as a novel interaction partner. Baltrusch, S., Lenzen, S., Okar, D.A., Lange, A.J., Tiedge, M. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
  25. Rapid repeated cloning of mutant lac repressor genes. Schaaper, R.M., Danforth, B.N., Glickman, B.W. Gene (1985) [Pubmed]
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  28. Use of phage display to select novel cystatins specific for Acanthoscelides obtectus cysteine proteinases. Melo, F.R., Mello, M.O., Franco, O.L., Rigden, D.J., Mello, L.V., Genú, A.M., Silva-Filho, M.C., Gleddie, S., Grossi-de-Sá, M.F. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (2003) [Pubmed]
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