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MeSH Review

Southwestern United States

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Disease relevance of Southwestern United States


High impact information on Southwestern United States

  • Columnar stalagmites in caves of the Guadalupe Mountains during the late Holocene record a 4000-year annually resolved climate history for the southwestern United States. Annual banding, hiatuses, and high-precision uranium-series dating show a present day-like climate from 4000 to 3000 years ago, following a drier middle Holocene [6].
  • In contrast, in 91 unrelated non-Ashkenazic persons with BS whom we examined, blmAsh was identified only in 5, these coming from Spanish-speaking Christian families from the southwestern United States, Mexico, or El Salvador [7].
  • Clinical features of hepatitis C-infected patients with persistently normal alanine transaminase levels in the Southwestern United States [8].
  • The accuracy of personal histories as a means of excluding smokers was examined prospectively in three phase I units in the northeastern, midwestern, and southwestern United States. In studies intended for nonsmokers, 45 of 282 purported nonsmokers screened before enrollment tested positive for cotinine [9].
  • Application of a sensitive new detection method has revealed widespread perchlorate contamination of groundwater in the southwestern United States, typically at 0.005-0.020 mg/L (5-20 ppb) [10].

Chemical compound and disease context of Southwestern United States

  • This is similar to the HIV infection rates reported for nonpregnant parenteral drug-using populations in other areas of the southwestern United States, suggesting that there may be a lower rate of endemic infection in this region of the country [11].

Biological context of Southwestern United States


Associations of Southwestern United States with chemical compounds


Gene context of Southwestern United States

  • Estimating recharge distribution by incorporating runoff from mountainous areas in an alluvial basin in the Great Basin region of the southwestern United States [18].
  • SETTING: Community setting in the southwestern United States. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of 113 women with physician-confirmed MS (mean age, 45.79y) [19].
  • SETTING: Large tertiary care center in the southwestern United States. SAMPLE: 28 patients with cancer in two groups: traditional home health and home health plus telenursing [20].


  1. Genetic analysis of Hispanic individuals with cystic fibrosis. Grebe, T.A., Seltzer, W.K., DeMarchi, J., Silva, D.K., Doane, W.W., Gozal, D., Richter, S.F., Bowman, C.M., Norman, R.A., Rhodes, S.N. Am. J. Hum. Genet. (1994) [Pubmed]
  2. Genetic diversity and distribution of Peromyscus-borne hantaviruses in North America. Monroe, M.C., Morzunov, S.P., Johnson, A.M., Bowen, M.D., Artsob, H., Yates, T., Peters, C.J., Rollin, P.E., Ksiazek, T.G., Nichol, S.T. Emerging Infect. Dis. (1999) [Pubmed]
  3. Characterization of Aeromonas schubertii strains recently isolated from traumatic wound infections. Carnahan, A.M., Marii, M.A., Fanning, G.R., Pass, M.A., Joseph, S.W. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  4. Isolation of the causative agent of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. Elliott, L.H., Ksiazek, T.G., Rollin, P.E., Spiropoulou, C.F., Morzunov, S., Monroe, M., Goldsmith, C.S., Humphrey, C.D., Zaki, S.R., Krebs, J.W. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (1994) [Pubmed]
  5. Life-threatening anaphylaxis following gila monster bite. Piacentine, J., Curry, S.C., Ryan, P.J. Annals of emergency medicine. (1986) [Pubmed]
  6. Late Holocene climate and cultural changes in the southwestern United States. Polyak, V.J., Asmerom, Y. Science (2001) [Pubmed]
  7. The Ashkenazic Jewish Bloom syndrome mutation blmAsh is present in non-Jewish Americans of Spanish ancestry. Ellis, N.A., Ciocci, S., Proytcheva, M., Lennon, D., Groden, J., German, J. Am. J. Hum. Genet. (1998) [Pubmed]
  8. Clinical features of hepatitis C-infected patients with persistently normal alanine transaminase levels in the Southwestern United States. Jamal, M.M., Soni, A., Quinn, P.G., Wheeler, D.E., Arora, S., Johnston, D.E. Hepatology (1999) [Pubmed]
  9. The importance of measuring cotinine levels to identify smokers in clinical trials. Apseloff, G., Ashton, H.M., Friedman, H., Gerber, N. Clin. Pharmacol. Ther. (1994) [Pubmed]
  10. Health effects assessment for environmental perchlorate contamination: the dose response for inhibition of thyroidal radioiodine uptake in humans. Greer, M.A., Goodman, G., Pleus, R.C., Greer, S.E. Environ. Health Perspect. (2002) [Pubmed]
  11. HIV prevalence in pregnant intravenous drug users in Dallas, Texas. Little, B.B., Snell, L.M., Wendel, G.D., Gilstrap, L.C., Johnston, W.L., Gluck, K.L. Texas medicine. (1991) [Pubmed]
  12. Perchlorate as an environmental contaminant. Urbansky, E.T. Environmental science and pollution research international. (2002) [Pubmed]
  13. Bile acid composition of some lizards from southwestern United States. Yousef, I.M., Bradley, W.G., Yousef, M.K. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. (1977) [Pubmed]
  14. Prevalence, patterns, and correlates of voluntary flunitrazepam Use. Rickert, V.I., Wiemann, C.M., Berenson, A.B. Pediatrics (1999) [Pubmed]
  15. Mescaline: a survey. Schwartz, R.H. American family physician. (1988) [Pubmed]
  16. College students and tattoos. Influence of image, identity, family, and friends. Armstrong, M.L., Owen, D.C., Roberts, A.E., Koch, J.R. Journal of psychosocial nursing and mental health services. (2002) [Pubmed]
  17. Larrea tridentata (Creosote bush), an abundant plant of Mexican and US-American deserts and its metabolite nordihydroguaiaretic acid. Arteaga, S., Andrade-Cetto, A., Cárdenas, R. Journal of ethnopharmacology. (2005) [Pubmed]
  18. Estimating recharge distribution by incorporating runoff from mountainous areas in an alluvial basin in the Great Basin region of the southwestern United States. Stone, D.B., Moomaw, C.L., Davis, A. Ground water. (2001) [Pubmed]
  19. A randomized clinical trial of a wellness intervention for women with multiple sclerosis. Stuifbergen, A.K., Becker, H., Blozis, S., Timmerman, G., Kullberg, V. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. (2003) [Pubmed]
  20. Traditional versus telenursing outpatient management of patients with cancer with new ostomies. Bohnenkamp, S.K., McDonald, P., Lopez, A.M., Krupinski, E., Blackett, A. Oncology nursing forum. (2004) [Pubmed]
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