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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Detection of PAX3-FKHR and PAX7-FKHR fusion transcripts in rhabdomyosarcoma by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction using paraffin-embedded tissue.

BACKGROUND: Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is associated with a characteristic chromosomal translocation t(2;13)(q35;q14). The genes involved in this translocation are paired box (PAX)3 on chromosome 2 and forkhead in RMS (FKHR) on chromosome 13. An occasional variant translocation t(1;13)(p36;q14) affecting PAX7 and FKHR on chromosomes 1 and 13, respectively, has also been described. Chromosomal translocations in RMS are detected using conventional cytogenetic analysis, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) or reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) on fresh or frozen tissue samples. We describe the results of RT-PCR analysis of PAX3-FKHR and PAX7-FKHR chimeric messages in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue samples from 17 RMS cases. METHODS: RNA was extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded RMS tissue. Oligonucleotide primers corresponding to the regions of PAX3, PAX7 and FKHR were used for the detection of PAX3-FKHR and PAX7-FKHR chimeric messages. A seminested PCR of the PCR products was used to increase the sensitivity of detection. The amplified fragments were purified and directly sequenced to confirm the specificity of the methods. RESULTS: The PAX3-FKHR chimeric message was detected in all three cases of alveolar RMS but not in any of the 12 embryonal and two pleomorphic RMS cases. The PAX7-FKHR fusion transcript was detected in one case of embryonal RMS. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that the RT-PCR assay is a reliable method for the detection of the PAX3-FKHR fusion transcript of alveolar RMS in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue. This simple method enables pathologists to identify chromosomal rearrangements in RMS as a diagnostic aid in cases where fresh or frozen tissue is not available.[1]

References

  1. Detection of PAX3-FKHR and PAX7-FKHR fusion transcripts in rhabdomyosarcoma by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction using paraffin-embedded tissue. Chen, B.F., Chen, M.L., Liang, D.C., Huang, Y.W., Liu, H.C., Chen, S.H. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi (Taipei) (1999) [Pubmed]
 
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