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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The HMG protein T160 colocalizes with DNA replication foci and is down-regulated during cell differentiation.

The high mobility group protein T160, the murine homolog of the human structure-specific recognition protein 1, was first supposed to be involved in the process of V-(D)-J recombination, since it could bind to recombination signal sequence probes. We have recently cloned T160 by using an unrelated DNA probe and shown that it binds to either cruciform or linear DNA with no sequence specificity. In this work, we performed a detailed analysis of T160 expression and immunolocalization. We show that T160 is a phosphoprotein broadly conserved from yeast to mammals, with a high level of expression in all the cell lines tested and in tissues containing a high degree of proliferating cells. Indirect immunofluorescence analysis by confocal laser microscopy revealed that T160 distribution in the cell nucleus is not uniform, and focus-like staining was observed. Cell cycle studies by BrdU incorporation suggest that the appearance of T160 nuclear foci is specific of mid to late S phase. Furthermore, while T160 expression does not change during the cell cycle, it is dramatically down-regulated when cells begin to differentiate, as highlighted in C2C12 myoblasts and myotubes. The disappearance of T160 nuclear staining in multinucleated myotubes is shown. Taken together, these data suggest that its function may be less specific than V-(D)-J recombination and more related to some cellular basic process, such as DNA replication or repair.[1]


  1. The HMG protein T160 colocalizes with DNA replication foci and is down-regulated during cell differentiation. Hertel, L., De Andrea, M., Bellomo, G., Santoro, P., Landolfo, S., Gariglio, M. Exp. Cell Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
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