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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Non-adrenergic binding of [3H]atipamezole in rat kidney--regional distribution and comparison to alpha2-adrenoceptors.

1 Atipamezole (4-(2-ethyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-2-yl)-1H-imidazole) was first introduced as a potent and specific alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonist, but in some tissues [3H]atipamezole identifies an additional population of binding sites, distinct from both classical alpha2-adrenoceptors and I1- and I2-imidazoline receptors identified with [3H]para-aminoclonidine or [3H]idazoxan. 2 In the present study we have characterized [3H]atipamezole binding sites in rat kidney by receptor autoradiography and membrane binding assays and determined whether they are pharmacologically identical with the previously described binding sites for [3H]para-aminoclonidine and [3H]idazoxan. [3H]RX821002 and [3H]rauwolscine were used to compare the regional distribution of alpha2-adrenoceptors to that of non-adrenergic binding sites of [3H]atipamezole. 3 Comparative autoradiographic experiments demonstrated the differential localisation of [3H]atipamezole, [3H]RX821002 and [3H]rauwolscine binding sites in rat kidney. The pattern of distribution of non-adrenergic [3H]atipamezole binding sites is clearly distinct from that of alpha2-adrenoceptors. 4 The non-adrenergic binding of [3H]atipamezole in rat kidney does not fall into any of the previously identified three classes of imidazoline receptors studied with [3H]para-aminoclonidine, [3H]idazoxan and [3H]RX821002. 5 Atipamezole had no inhibitory effect on MAO-A or MAO-B activity in renal membranes, which speaks against the involvement of MAOs in the observed radioligand binding.[1]


  1. Non-adrenergic binding of [3H]atipamezole in rat kidney--regional distribution and comparison to alpha2-adrenoceptors. Sjöholm, B., Lähdesmäki, J., Pyykkö, K., Hillilä, M., Scheinin, M. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1999) [Pubmed]
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