The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Glycine inhibits growth of T lymphocytes by an IL-2-independent mechanism.

Previously, it was shown that glycine prevented increases in intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) in Kupffer cells. Since Kupffer cells and T lymphocytes are derived from the same pluripotent stem cell, it was hypothesized that glycine would prevent increases in [Ca2+]i in lymphocytes and inhibit cell proliferation. Lymphocyte proliferation was measured in one-way MLC with spleen cells from DA and Lewis rats and in enriched T lymphocyte preparations stimulated by immobilized anti-CD3 Ab. Glycine caused a dose-dependent decrease in cell proliferation to about 40% of control. Con A caused a dose-dependent increase in [Ca2+]i in Jurkat cells which was blunted maximally with 0.6 mM glycine. The effect of glycine was dependent on extracellular chloride and reversed by strychnine, an antagonist of the glycine-gated chloride channel. Similar results were obtained with rat T lymphocytes stimulated by anti-CD3 Ab. Surprisingly, glycine had no effect on IL-2 production in the mixed lymphocyte culture; therefore, the effect of glycine on IL-2-dependent proliferation was tested. Glycine and rapamycin caused dose-dependent decreases in IL-2-stimulated growth of Ctll-2 cells to about 60% and 40%, respectively, of control. Moreover, glycine also inhibited the IL-2-stimulated growth of rat splenic lymphocytes. It is concluded that glycine blunts proliferation in an IL-2-independent manner. This is consistent with the hypothesis that glycine activates a glycine-gated chloride channel and hyperpolarizes the cell membrane-blunting increases in [Ca2+]i that are required for transcription of factors necessary for cell proliferation.[1]


  1. Glycine inhibits growth of T lymphocytes by an IL-2-independent mechanism. Stachlewitz, R.F., Li, X., Smith, S., Bunzendahl, H., Graves, L.M., Thurman, R.G. J. Immunol. (2000) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities