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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

MEN I gene mutations in sporadic adrenal adenomas.

Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 11q13 occurs in about 20% of sporadic adrenal neoplasms. Adrenal lesions, mostly benign, occur in up to 40% of patients from MEN I kindreds. The MEN I gene, positioned on 11q13, has been considered a primary candidate gene in these lesions. We studied a group of 15 patients with sporadic adrenal adenoma, and 1 patient with multinodular hyperplasia. Of the 16 patients, 4 had incidentally discovered masses, 5 had Conn's syndrome, 6 suffered from Cushing's syndrome, and 9 had high sex hormone production. Studies with the markers D11S480, PYGM, D11S449, and D11S987 in 13 patients (12 of whom were from our group of 16) revealed 4 losses of heterozygosity on D11 S480 on 11q13, but the deletion did not affect the MEN I gene in any case. We present complete direct DNA sequencing data of the menin gene in 14 sporadic adrenal adenomas and one with adrenal hyperplasia. We identified one heterozygous missense mutation, T552S, in a hormonally inactive adrenal adenoma. One base exchange was identified close to the intron-exon boundary in intron 9 of a nodular adrenal hyperplasia. mRNA expression studies found that MEN I was transcribed in all 13 samples analyzed. In summary, our study identified the second patient with sporadic benign adrenal tumor presenting a menin gene mutation. Our complete direct sequencing approach adds evidence that menin gene mutations may account only for a minority of benign adrenal tumors if at all. Another tumor-suppressor gene inactivated in sporadic adrenal neoplasms may be located on chromosome 11q13.[1]

References

  1. MEN I gene mutations in sporadic adrenal adenomas. Schulte, K.M., Heinze, M., Mengel, M., Simon, D., Scheuring, S., Köhrer, K., Röher, H.D. Hum. Genet. (1999) [Pubmed]
 
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