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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 
 

Tumor suppressor INK4: quantitative structure-function analyses of p18INK4C as an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase 4.

We report the first detailed structure-function analyses of p18INK4C (p18), which is a homologue of the important tumor suppressor p16INK4A (p16). Twenty-four mutants were designed rationally. The global conformations of the mutants were characterized by NMR, while the function was assayed by inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4). Most of these mutants have unperturbed global structures, thus the changes in their inhibitory abilities can be attributed to the mutated residues. The important results are summarized as follows: (a) some residues at loops 1 and 2, but not 3, are important for the inhibitory function of p18, similar to the results for p16; (b) two residues at the first helix-turn-helix motif and two at the third are important for inhibition; (c) while the results generally agree with the prediction based on the crystal structures of p16-CDK6 and p19-CDK6 binary complexes, there are significant differences in a few residues, suggesting that the interactions in the binary complexes may not accurately represent the interactions in the ternary complexes (in the presence of cyclin D2); (d) most importantly, the extra loop of p18 appears to contribute to the function of p18, even though the crystal structure of the p19INK4D-CDK6 complex indicates no interactions involving this loop; (e) detailed analyses of the crystal structures and the functional results suggest that there are notable differences in the interactions between different members of the INK4 family and CDKs.[1]

References

  1. Tumor suppressor INK4: quantitative structure-function analyses of p18INK4C as an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase 4. Li, J., Poi, M.J., Qin, D., Selby, T.L., Byeon, I.J., Tsai, M.D. Biochemistry (2000) [Pubmed]
 
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