The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Determination of r-7,t-8,9,c-10-tetrahydroxy-7,8,9, 10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene in human urine by gas chromatography/negative ion chemical ionization/ mass spectrometry.

r-7,t-8,9,c-10-Tetrahydroxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene (trans-anti-BaP-tetraol) is the major hydrolysis product of r-7, t-8-dihydroxy-t-9,10-epoxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene (anti-BPDE), the principal ultimate carcinogen of the environmental pollutant benzo[a]pyrene (BaP). As part of a program to establish activation/detoxification profiles of urinary metabolites of BaP in humans, we developed a method for quantifying trans-anti-BaP-tetraol. Urine was collected from three groups of individuals exposed to BaP: psoriasis patients treated with a coal tar-containing ointment, steel workers, and smokers. [(2)H(12)]-trans-anti-BaP-tetraol was added to the urine as an internal standard. The urine was treated with beta-glucuronidase and sulfatase, and then the BaP-tetraols were enriched by reverse-phase and phenylboronic acid solid-phase extraction. The resulting fraction was treated with sodium hydride and methylmethane sulfonate to convert BaP-tetraols to the corresponding tetramethyl ethers (BaP-TME). The mixture was purified by normal-phase HPLC and analyzed by gas chromatography/negative ion chemical ionization/ mass spectrometry with selected ion monitoring. [(13)CH(3)](4)-trans-anti-BaP-TME was used as an external standard. Ions at m/z 376, 380, and 388 were monitored for quantitation of trans-anti-BaP-TME, [(13)CH(3)](4)-trans-anti-BaP-TME, and [(2)H(12)]-trans-anti-BaP-TME, respectively. The instrumental detection limit was approximately 1 fmol of trans-anti-BaP-TME. trans-anti-BaP-tetraol (as trans-anti-BaP-TME) was detected in 20 of 20 individuals receiving coal tar therapy (mean, 16 fmol/mL of urine), 13 of 13 exposed steel workers (mean, 4.1 fmol/mL of urine), and nine of 21 cigarette smokers (mean, 0.5 fmol/mL of urine). The means in these groups were significantly different (P < 0.0001). The urine of steel workers was also analyzed for cis-anti-BaP-tetraol and cys-syn-BaP-tetraol, but neither was found. The results of this study provide a quantitative method for determination of parts per trillion levels of trans-anti-BaP-tetraol in human urine. Ultimately, this method can be employed as part of a phenotyping approach for assessing BaP metabolites in human urine.[1]


  1. Determination of r-7,t-8,9,c-10-tetrahydroxy-7,8,9, 10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene in human urine by gas chromatography/negative ion chemical ionization/mass spectrometry. Simpson, C.D., Wu, M.T., Christiani, D.C., Santella, R.M., Carmella, S.G., Hecht, S.S. Chem. Res. Toxicol. (2000) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities