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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A processed pseudogene codes for a new antigen recognized by a CD8(+) T cell clone on melanoma.

The M88.7 T cell clone recognizes an antigen presented by HLA B*1302 on the melanoma cell line M88. A cDNA encoding this antigen ( NA88-A) was isolated using a library transfection approach. Analysis of the genomic gene's sequence identified it is a processed pseudogene, derived from a retrotranscript of mRNA coding for homeoprotein HPX42B. The NA88-A gene exhibits several premature stop codons, deletions, and insertions relative to the HPX42B gene. In NA88-A RNA, a short open reading frame codes for the peptide MTQGQHFLQKV from which antigenic peptides are derived; a stop codon follows the peptide's COOH-terminal Val codon. Part of the HPX42B mRNA's 3' untranslated region codes for a peptide of similar sequence (MTQGQHFSQKV). If produced, this peptide can be recognized by M88.7 T cells. However, in HPX42B mRNA, the peptide's COOH-terminal Val codon is followed by a Trp codon. As a result, expression of HPX42B mRNA does not lead to antigen production. A model is proposed for events that participated in creation of a gene coding for a melanoma antigen from a pseudogene.[1]


  1. A processed pseudogene codes for a new antigen recognized by a CD8(+) T cell clone on melanoma. Moreau-Aubry, A., Le Guiner, S., Labarrière, N., Gesnel, M.C., Jotereau, F., Breathnach, R. J. Exp. Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
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