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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A key role for CC chemokine receptor 4 in lipopolysaccharide-induced endotoxic shock.

CC chemokine receptor (CCR)4, a high affinity receptor for the CC chemokines thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC) and macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC), is expressed in the thymus and spleen, and also by peripheral blood T cells, macrophages, platelets, and basophils. Recent studies have shown that CCR4 is the major chemokine receptor expressed by T helper type 2 ( Th2) polarized cells. To study the in vivo role of CCR4, we have generated CCR4-deficient (CCR4(-/-)) mice by gene targeting. CCR4(-/-) mice developed normally. Splenocytes and thymocytes isolated from the CCR4(-/-) mice failed to respond to the CCR4 ligands TARC and MDC, as expected, but also surprisingly did not undergo chemotaxis in vitro in response to macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha. The CCR4 deletion had no effect on Th2 differentiation in vitro or in a Th2-dependent model of allergic airway inflammation. However, CCR4(-/-) mice exhibited significantly decreased mortality on administration of high or low dose bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) compared with CCR4(+/+) mice. After high dose LPS treatment, serum levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin 1beta, and MIP-1alpha were reduced in CCR4(-/-) mice, and decreased expression of MDC and MIP-2 mRNA was detected in peritoneal exudate cells. Analysis of peritoneal lavage cells from CCR4(-/)- mice by flow cytometry also revealed a significant decrease in the F4/80(+) cell population. This may reflect a defect in the ability of the CCR4(-/-) macrophages to be retained in the peritoneal cavity. Taken together, our data reveal an unexpected role for CCR4 in the inflammatory response leading to LPS-induced lethality.[1]


  1. A key role for CC chemokine receptor 4 in lipopolysaccharide-induced endotoxic shock. Chvatchko, Y., Hoogewerf, A.J., Meyer, A., Alouani, S., Juillard, P., Buser, R., Conquet, F., Proudfoot, A.E., Wells, T.N., Power, C.A. J. Exp. Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
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