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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Selective disruption of interleukin 4 autocrine-regulated loop by a tyrosine kinase inhibitor restricts activity of T-helper 2 cells.

Interleukin (IL) 4 is a potent immunomodulatory cytokine secreted by T-helper 2 (Th2) cells and Th2 mast cells that promotes the commitment of cells. However, unregulated production and release of IL-4 can exacerbate allergic reactions and increase susceptibility to infectious organisms and viruses. Here, we present evidence that AG-490, a Janus tyrosine kinase (JAK) 2-JAK3 inhibitor, effectively blocked IL-4 gene expression and secretion in the Th2 cell line D10 that was not occurring after anti-CD3 antibody stimulation, whereas AG-490 had no inhibitory effect on production of other Th2 cytokines or cytokines synthesized by the corresponding Th1 cell line clone 29. AG-490 potently inhibited IL-4-mediated proliferation of both D10 and the IL-4-dependent cell line CT.4S. Moreover, AG-490 markedly inhibited IL-4 activation of JAK3 and blocked the downstream activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 6, as judged by tyrosine phosphorylation, DNA binding, and transcription assays. In contrast, AG-490 did not affect tumor necrosis factor alpha activation of NF-kappaB at similar concentrations of drug. These data suggest that tyrosine kinase inhibitors that inhibit JAK3 may have previously unrecognized and selective clinical potential as immunotherapeutic drugs to treat Th2- mediated diseases driven by IL-4. (Blood. 2000;95:3816-3822)[1]

References

  1. Selective disruption of interleukin 4 autocrine-regulated loop by a tyrosine kinase inhibitor restricts activity of T-helper 2 cells. Wang, L.H., Kirken, R.A., Yang, X.Y., Erwin, R.A., DaSilva, L., Yu, C.R., Farrar, W.L. Blood (2000) [Pubmed]
 
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