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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Increased stability and catalytic efficiency of yeast hexokinase upon interaction with zwitterionic micelles. Kinetics and conformational studies.

The effect of ligands (glucose, ATP and Mg2+) and zwitterionic micelles of lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) or N-hexadecyl-N,N-dimethyl-3-ammonium propanesulfonate ( HPS) in the yeast hexokinase ( HK) stability was studied at 35 degrees C. The thermal inactivation kinetics followed one-exponential decay. The effect of ligands on protecting the enzyme against inactivation followed the order: glucose > glucose/Mg2+ >ATP/Mg2+ approximately or approximately equal to Mg2+l approximately or approximately equal to buffer only. Both LPC and HPS micelles increased the enzyme stability only when the incubation medium contained glucose or glucose/Mg2+, suggesting that the protein conformation is a key prerequisite for the enzyme-micelle interaction to take place. This enzyme-micelle interaction resulted in an increased catalytic efficiency (with a decrease in Km for ATP and increase in Vmax as well as in changes on the tertiary (intrinsic fluorescence) structure of the yeast hexokinase.[1]


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