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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Individual severity of dietary obesity in unselected Wistar rats: relationship with hyperphagia.

We investigated the relative importance of overeating, thermogenesis, and uncoupling protein (UCP) expression in determining the severity of obesity in male Wistar rats fed a highly palatable diet. After 2 wk of feeding, body weight did not differ significantly from controls (248 +/- 4 vs. 229 +/- 3 g; P > 0.3), but rectal temperature, brown adipose tissue (BAT) mass, UCP3 expression in gastrocnemius muscle, and UCP2 expression in white adipose tissue (WAT) were all elevated in diet-fed animals. In a further study, rats fed a palatable diet for 8 wk exhibited higher energy intake and rectal temperature than controls. Dietary-obese rats were divided into high (427-490 g; n = 8) and low (313-410 g; n = 10) weight gainers. The high gainers ate significantly more than the low gainers, and energy intake was positively correlated with weight gain (r(2) = 0.72, P < 0.01). UCP2 and UCP3 mRNA levels in gastrocnemius muscle were significantly increased above lean controls in all diet-fed animals, whereas UCPs in WAT and BAT did not differ significantly from controls. Whereas rats fed palatable food exhibited a thermogenic response, there was no significant difference in core temperature between high and low gain groups (37. 5 +/- 0.1 vs. 37.6 +/- 0.1 degrees C; P > 0.5). We conclude that a higher energy intake is the critical factor determining susceptibility to dietary obesity in unselected Wistar rats.[1]

References

  1. Individual severity of dietary obesity in unselected Wistar rats: relationship with hyperphagia. Harrold, J.A., Widdowson, P.S., Clapham, J.C., Williams, G. Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. (2000) [Pubmed]
 
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