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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Splice-site mutation in TGM1 in congenital recessive ichthyosis in American families: molecular, genetic, genealogic, and clinical studies.

Lamellar ichthyosis (LI, OMIM no. 242300) is a severe autosomal recessive genodermatosis with an estimated prevalence of 1:200,000. LI represents one end of the spectrum of congenital recessive ichthyosis (CRI). Mutations in the gene for transglutaminase-1 (TGM1) are responsible for many cases of LI and occur throughout the coding sequence of the gene. Our analyses of patients with CRI revealed a common TGM1 mutation involving loss of the intron 5 splice acceptor site leading to alternative splicing of the message. We found families in which the splice acceptor site mutation was homozygous, and families where the patients were compound heterozygotes for the splice acceptor site mutation and another TGM1 mutation. A mutation at this same site occurs in the majority of Norwegian patients as a founder effect. In our ethnically diverse patient population, none of whom have known Norwegian ancestry, haplotype analysis of the TGM1 chromosomal region also suggested the existence of a founder effect. Comparison of the common haplotype in our data with the Norwegian data showed that 2/7 of our splice acceptor site mutation chromosomes had the full reported Norwegian haplotype, and the remaining five chromosomes exhibited recombination at the most distal marker studied. History, family origins, and haplotype analysis suggested that the mutation originally arose on a German background and was introduced into Norway around 800-1000 AD. We also found a limited correlation between genotype and phenotype in our study, with the four homozygous patients having less severe disease than many of the heterozygotes, and no patient with a splice acceptor site mutation having erythroderma or a congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma phenotype.[1]

References

  1. Splice-site mutation in TGM1 in congenital recessive ichthyosis in American families: molecular, genetic, genealogic, and clinical studies. Shevchenko, Y.O., Compton, J.G., Toro, J.R., DiGiovanna, J.J., Bale, S.J. Hum. Genet. (2000) [Pubmed]
 
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