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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Porcine CTLA4-Ig lacks a MYPPPY motif, binds inefficiently to human B7 and specifically suppresses human CD4+ T cell responses costimulated by pig but not human B7.

The CTLA4 receptor (CD152) on activated T lymphocytes binds B7 molecules (CD80 and CD86) on APC and delivers a signal that inhibits T cell proliferation. Several regions involved in binding to B7 are known, but the relative importance of these is not clear. We have cloned porcine CTLA4 (pCTLA4). Although highly homologous to human CTLA4 (hCTLA4), the predicted protein sequence contains a leucine for methionine substitution at position 97 in the MYPPPY sequence. A fusion protein constructed from the extracellular regions of pCTLA4 and the constant regions of human IgG1 (pCTLA4-Ig) bound porcine CD86 with equivalent affinity to that of hCTLA4-Ig. However, pCTLA4-Ig bound poorly to human CD80 and CD86 expressed on transfectants and EBV-transformed human B cells. In functional assays with MHC class II-expressing porcine endothelial cells and human B cells, pCTLA4-Ig blocked human CD4+ T cell responses to pig but not human cells, whereas control hCTLA4-Ig inhibited responses to both. Comparison between mouse, human, and porcine CTLA4-Ig suggests that the selective binding of pCTLA4-Ig to porcine CD86 molecules is due to the L for M substitution at position 97. Our results indicate that pCTLA4-Ig may be a useful reagent to define the precise nature of the interaction between B7 and CTLA4. By failing to inhibit the delivery of costimulatory signals provided by human B7, it may also prove to be a relatively specific inhibitor of the direct human T cell response to immunogenic pig tissue.[1]


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