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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Association between the serotonin 2C receptor gene and tardive dyskinesia in chronic schizophrenia: additive contribution of 5-HT2Cser and DRD3gly alleles to susceptibility.

RATIONALE: Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a longterm adverse effect of dopamine receptor blockers. The dopamine D3 receptor gene (DRD3) ser9gly polymorphism has been previously associated with susceptibility to TD. Serotonin receptor antagonism has been proposed as a common mechanism contributing to the low extra-pyramidal effects profile of atypical antipsychotic drugs. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of a functional polymorphism in the 5-HT2C receptor gene (HT2CR) with TD and the joint contribution of HT2CR and DRD3 to susceptibility. METHODS: Case control association analysis of allele and genotype frequencies among schizophrenia patients with (n=55) and without TD (n=60), matched for antipsychotic drug exposure and other relevant variables, and normal control subjects (n=97). Parametric analyses of the contribution of 5-HT2Cser and DRD3gly alleles to dyskinesia scores. RESULTS: We found a significant excess of 5-HT2Cser alleles in schizophrenia patients with TD (27.2%) compared to patients without TD (14.6%) and normal controls (14.2%; chi2=6.4, df 2, P=0.03) which was due to the female patients (chi2=8.6, df 2, P=0.01). Among the female TD patients there was an excess of cys-ser and ser-ser genotypes (chi2= 11.9, df 4, P=0.02). Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), controlling for age at first antipsychotic treatment, revealed a significant effect of 5-HT2C genotype on orofacial dyskinesia (OFD) scores (F=3.47, df 2, P=.03). In a stepwise multiple regression analysis, 5-HT2C and DRD3 genotype (5-HT2Cser and DRD3gly allele carriage) respectively contributed 4.2% and 4.7% to the variance in OFD scores. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support a small but significant contribution of the HT2CR and DRD3 to susceptibility to TD, which is additive in nature.[1]

References

  1. Association between the serotonin 2C receptor gene and tardive dyskinesia in chronic schizophrenia: additive contribution of 5-HT2Cser and DRD3gly alleles to susceptibility. Segman, R.H., Heresco-Levy, U., Finkel, B., Inbar, R., Neeman, T., Schlafman, M., Dorevitch, A., Yakir, A., Lerner, A., Goltser, T., Shelevoy, A., Lerer, B. Psychopharmacology (Berl.) (2000) [Pubmed]
 
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