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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Translational repression by a novel partner of human poly(A) binding protein, Paip2.

The eukaryotic mRNA 3' poly(A) tail acts synergistically with the 5' cap structure to enhance translation. This effect is mediated by a bridging complex, composed of the poly(A) binding protein (PABP), eIF4G, and the cap binding protein, eIF4E. PABP-interacting protein 1 (Paip1) is another factor that interacts with PABP to coactivate translation. Here, we describe a novel human PABP-interacting protein ( Paip2), which acts as a repressor of translation both in vitro and in vivo. Paip2 preferentially inhibits translation of a poly(A)-containing mRNA, but has no effect on the translation of hepatitis C virus mRNA, which is cap- and eIF4G-independent. Paip2 decreases the affinity of PABP for polyadenylate RNA, and disrupts the repeating structure of poly(A) ribonucleoprotein. Furthermore, Paip2 competes with Paip1 for PABP binding. Thus, Paip2 inhibits translation by interdicting PABP function.[1]


  1. Translational repression by a novel partner of human poly(A) binding protein, Paip2. Khaleghpour, K., Svitkin, Y.V., Craig, A.W., DeMaria, C.T., Deo, R.C., Burley, S.K., Sonenberg, N. Mol. Cell (2001) [Pubmed]
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