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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Gamma-rays enhance rAAV-mediated transgene expression and cytocidal effect of AAV-HSVtk/ganciclovir on cancer cells.

Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector has several unique properties suited for gene therapy applications. However, relatively low efficiency of transgene expression, which is mainly due to a limited second-strand synthesis from the single-stranded AAV genome, can be a problem in some applications that require potent gene expression such as antitumor applications. Recently, gamma-ray irradiation has been reported to enhance the second-strand synthesis of the AAV genome, and consequently transgene expression. We demonstrate here that an AAV vector harboring the herpes simplex virus type-1 thymidine kinase (HSVtk) is able to kill cancer cells more efficiently when used in combination with gamma-ray irradiation. A human maxillary sinus cancer cell line, NKO-1, was efficiently killed in combination with HSVtk transduction and ganciclovir (GCV), as expected. More importantly, gamma-ray irradiation of practical dosages augmented the cytocidal effect of the HSVtk/GCV system. Southern analysis indicated that gamma-rays enhanced the double-strand synthesis of the rAAV genome in NKO-1 cells. These findings suggest that the combination of rAAVtk/GCV suicide gene therapy with radiotherapy has synergistic effects in the treatment of cancers and may lead to a reduction of the potential toxicity of both rAAVtk/GCV and gamma-ray irradiation.[1]


  1. Gamma-rays enhance rAAV-mediated transgene expression and cytocidal effect of AAV-HSVtk/ganciclovir on cancer cells. Kanazawa, T., Urabe, M., Mizukami, H., Okada, T., Kume, A., Nishino, H., Monahan, J., Kitamura, K., Ichimura, K., Ozawa, K. Cancer Gene Ther. (2001) [Pubmed]
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