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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Angiotensin II type I receptor modulates intracellular free Mg2+ in renally derived cells via Na+-dependent Ca2+-independent mechanisms.

Treatment of Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells with the peptide hormone angiotensin II (Ang II) results in an increase in the concentrations of cytosolic free calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) and sodium ([Na(+)](i)) with a concomitant decrease in cytosolic free Mg(2+) concentration ([Mg(2+)](i)). In the present study we demonstrate that this hormone-induced decrease in [Mg(2+)](i) is independent of [Ca(2+)](i) but dependent on extracellular Na(+). [Mg(2+)](i), [Ca(2+)](i), and [Na(+)](i) were measured in Ang II-stimulated MDCK cells by fluorescence digital imaging using the selective fluoroprobes mag-fura-2AM, fura-2AM, and sodium-binding benzofuran isophthalate (acetoxymethyl ester), respectively. Ang II decreased [Mg(2+)](i) and increased [Na(+)](i) in a dose-dependent manner. These effects were inhibited by irbesartan (selective AT(1) receptor blocker) but not by PD123319 (selective AT(2) receptor blocker). Imipramine and quinidine (putative inhibitors of the Na(+)/Mg(2+) exchanger) and removal of extracellular Na(+) abrogated Ang II-mediated [Mg(2+)](i) effects. In cells pretreated with thapsigargin (reticular Ca(2+)-ATPase inhibitor), Ang II-stimulated [Ca(2+)](i) transients were attenuated (p < 0.01), whereas agonist-induced [Mg(2+)](i) responses were unchanged. Clamping the [Ca(2+)](i) near 50 nmol/liter with 1,2-bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid tetrakis(acetoxymethyl ester) inhibited Ang II-induced [Ca(2+)](i) increases but failed to alter Ang II-induced [Mg(2+)](i) responses. Benzamil, a selective blocker of the Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger, inhibited [Na(+)](i) but not [Mg(2+)](i) responses. Our data demonstrate that in MDCK cells, AT(1) receptors modulate [Mg(2+)](i) via a Na(+)-dependent Mg(2+) transporter that is not directly related to [Ca(2+)](i). These data support the notion that rapid modulation of [Mg(2+)](i) is not simply a result of Mg(2+) redistribution from intracellular buffering sites by Ca(2+) and provide evidence for the existence of a Na(+)-dependent, hormonally regulated transporter for Mg(2+) in renally derived cells.[1]


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