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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Expression of IL-1 beta and IL-8 by human gingival epithelial cells in response to Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans.

The interaction between epithelial cells and microorganisms is the most important step in bacterial infections. Epithelial cells in response to exposure to pathogenic bacteria produce cytokines that initiate inflammation. However, little is known about the cytokine response of gingival epithelial cells to periodontopathogenic bacteria. Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans is thought to play a significant role in the initiation of periodontitis because of its bacteriological characteristics. In the present study, we investigated the cytokine induction by human gingival epithelial cells (HGEC) following exposure to A. actinomycetemcomitans in comparison with human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) in culture. Northern blot analysis showed that mRNAs of interleukin 1beta (IL-1beta) and IL-8, but not IL-6, in HGEC were induced in response to A. actinomycetemcomitans. Secretion of IL-8 by HGEC was also increased following A. actinomycetemcomitans challenge, whereas production of IL-1beta could not be detected. The levels of IL-8 and its mRNA were increased depending on the concentration of A. actinomycetemcomitans. The co-culture with HGF and A. actinomycetemcomitans resulted in an increase in the levels of IL-6 and IL-8 mRNA in HGF. However, HGF exposed to A. actinomycetemcomitans, showed no expression of IL-1beta mRNA. These findings demonstrated that HGEC and HGF stimulated with A. actinomycetemcomitans have different profiles in cytokine mRNA expression. Furthermore, A. actinomycetemcomitans may play an important role in amplifying the local immune response and in initiating inflammatory reaction through release of IL-8 from gingival epithelial cells.[1]

References

  1. Expression of IL-1 beta and IL-8 by human gingival epithelial cells in response to Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. Uchida, Y., Shiba, H., Komatsuzawa, H., Takemoto, T., Sakata, M., Fujita, T., Kawaguchi, H., Sugai, M., Kurihara, H. Cytokine (2001) [Pubmed]
 
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