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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Membrane trafficking machinery components associated with the mammalian acrosome during spermiogenesis.

Active trafficking from the Golgi apparatus is involved in acrosome formation, both by delivering acrosomal contents to the nascent secretory vesicle and by controlling organelle growth and shaping. During murine spermiogenesis, Golgi antigens (giantin, beta-COP, golgin 97, mannosidase II) are detected in the acrosome until the late cap-phase spermatids, but are not found in testicular spermatozoa (maturation-phase spermatids). This suggests that Golgi-acrosome flow may be relatively unselective, with Golgi residents retrieved before spermiation is complete. Treatment of spermatogenic cells with brefeldin A, a drug that causes the Golgi apparatus to collapse into the endoplasmic reticulum, disrupted the Golgi in both pachytene spermatocytes and round spermatids. However, this treatment did not affect the acrosomal granule, and some beta-COP labeling on the acrosome of elongating spermatids was maintained. Additionally, N-ethylmaleimide sensitive factor, soluble NSF attachment proteins, and homologues of the t-SNARE syntaxin and of the v-SNARE VAMP/synaptobrevin, as well as members of the rab family of small GTPases, are associated with the acrosome (but not the acrosomal granule) in round and elongated spermatids. This suggests that rab proteins and the SNARE machinery for membrane recognition/docking/fusion may be involved in trafficking during mammalian acrosome biogenesis.[1]


  1. Membrane trafficking machinery components associated with the mammalian acrosome during spermiogenesis. Ramalho-Santos, J., Moreno, R.D., Wessel, G.M., Chan, E.K., Schatten, G. Exp. Cell Res. (2001) [Pubmed]
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