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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Transcription factor STAT5A is a substrate of Bruton's tyrosine kinase in B cells.

STAT5A is a molecular regulator of proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis in lymphohematopoietic cells. Here we show that STAT5A can serve as a functional substrate of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK). Purified recombinant BTK was capable of directly binding purified recombinant STAT5A with high affinity (K(d) = 44 nm), as determined by surface plasmon resonance using a BIAcore biosensor system. BTK was also capable of tyrosine- phosphorylating ectopically expressed recombinant STAT5A on Tyr(694) both in vitro and in vivo in a Janus kinase 3-independent fashion. BTK phosphorylated the Y665F, Y668F, and Y682F,Y683F mutants but not the Y694F mutant of STAT5A. STAT5A mutations in the Src homology 2 (SH2) and SH3 domains did not alter the BTK-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation. Recombinant BTK proteins with mutant pleckstrin homology, SH2, or SH3 domains were capable of phosphorylating STAT5A, whereas recombinant BTK proteins with SH1/kinase domain mutations were not. In pull-down experiments, only full-length BTK and its SH1/kinase domain (but not the pleckstrin homology, SH2, or SH3 domains) were capable of binding STAT5A. Ectopically expressed BTK kinase domain was capable of tyrosine- phosphorylating STAT5A both in vitro and in vivo. BTK-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation of ectopically expressed wild type (but not Tyr(694) mutant) STAT5A enhanced its DNA binding activity. In BTK-competent chicken B cells, anti-IgM-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT5 protein was prevented by pretreatment with the BTK inhibitor LFM-A13 but not by pretreatment with the JAK3 inhibitor HI-P131. B cell antigen receptor ligation resulted in enhanced tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT5 in BTK-deficient chicken B cells reconstituted with wild type human BTK but not in BTK-deficient chicken B cells reconstituted with kinase-inactive mutant BTK. Similarly, anti-IgM stimulation resulted in enhanced tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT5A in BTK-competent B cells from wild type mice but not in BTK-deficient B cells from XID mice. In contrast to B cells from XID mice, B cells from JAK3 knockout mice showed a normal STAT5A phosphorylation response to anti-IgM stimulation. These findings provide unprecedented experimental evidence that BTK plays a nonredundant and pivotal role in B cell antigen receptor- mediated STAT5A activation in B cells.[1]

References

  1. Transcription factor STAT5A is a substrate of Bruton's tyrosine kinase in B cells. Mahajan, S., Vassilev, A., Sun, N., Ozer, Z., Mao, C., Uckun, F.M. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
 
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