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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A photic visual cycle of rhodopsin regeneration is dependent on Rgr.

During visual excitation, rhodopsin undergoes photoactivation and bleaches to opsin and all-trans-retinal. To regenerate rhodopsin and maintain normal visual sensitivity, the all-trans isomer must be metabolized and reisomerized to produce the chromophore 11-cis-retinal in biochemical steps that constitute the visual cycle and involve the retinal pigment epithelium ( RPE; refs. 3-8). A key step in the visual cycle is isomerization of an all-trans retinoid to 11-cis-retinol in the RPE (refs. 9-11). It could be that the retinochrome-like opsins, peropsin, or the retinal G protein-coupled receptor ( RGR) opsin12-16 are isomerases in the RPE. In contrast to visual pigments, RGR is bound predominantly to endogenous all-trans-retinal, and irradiation of RGR in vitro results in stereospecific conversion of the bound all-trans isomer to 11-cis-retinal. Here we show that RGR is involved in the formation of 11-cis-retinal in mice and functions in a light-dependent pathway of the rod visual cycle. Mutations in the human gene encoding RGR are associated with retinitis pigmentosa.[1]


  1. A photic visual cycle of rhodopsin regeneration is dependent on Rgr. Chen, P., Hao, W., Rife, L., Wang, X.P., Shen, D., Chen, J., Ogden, T., Van Boemel, G.B., Wu, L., Yang, M., Fong, H.K. Nat. Genet. (2001) [Pubmed]
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