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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-3, and the effects of IGFBP-2 and -3 in the bovine corpus luteum.

The present study was conducted to gain insight into the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system in the bovine corpus luteum ( CL). Specific aims were to measure the levels of IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) and RNA encoding IGFBP-3 in the CL throughout diestrus, and to investigate the effects of IGFBP-2 and -3 on IGF-I- stimulated progesterone (P4) production and IGF-I-receptor binding. Bovine CL were collected from a local abattoir and classified according to stage of diestrus based on anatomical characteristics. Corpora lutea from early, mid and late diestrus were each analyzed for the presence of IGFBP-3 by ligand blot analysis, and for RNA encoding IGFBP-3 by Northern blot analysis. Dissociated cells from mid-cycle CL were treated with IGF-I, IGFBP-2 or -3, or a combination of IGF-I and IGFBP-2 or -3. The effect of IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-3 on [(125)I] IGF-I binding to its receptor on CL plasma membranes also was investigated. IGFBP-3 protein and RNA expression were higher in early CL, compared to mid or late CL (p < 0.05). IGF-I stimulated P4 production in a dose-dependant manner (p < 0.05). IGFBP-2 and -3 blocked the stimulatory effect of IGF-I on P4 production (p < 0.05). Both IGFBP-2 and -3 inhibited [(125)I]-IGF-I binding to its receptor in a dose-dependant manner. These results demonstrate that IGFBP-3 protein and RNA are expressed predominantly during early diestrus in the bovine CL. Moreover, both IGFBP-2 and -3 can modulate IGF-I actions in the CL by interfering with binding of IGF-I to its receptor.[1]


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