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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Protein kinase A-mediated phosphorylation of serine 357 of the mouse prostacyclin receptor regulates its coupling to G(s)-, to G(i)-, and to G(q)-coupled effector signaling.

The prostacyclin receptor ( IP) is primarily coupled to G alpha(s)-dependent activation of adenylyl cyclase; however, a number of studies indicate that the IP may couple to other secondary effector systems perhaps in a species-specific manner. In the current study, we investigated the specificity of G protein:effector coupling by the mouse (m) IP overexpressed in human embryonic kidney 293 cells and endogenously expressed in murine erythroleukemia cells. The mIP exhibited efficient G alpha(s) coupling and concentration-dependent increases in cAMP generation in response to the IP agonist cicaprost; however, mIP also coupled to G alpha(i) decreasing the levels of cAMP in forskolin-treated cells. mIP coupling to G alpha(i) was pertussis toxin-sensitive and was dependent on protein kinase (PK) A activation status. In addition, the mIP coupled to phospholipase C (PLC) activation in a pertussis toxin-insensitive, G alpha(i)-, G beta gamma-, and PKC-independent but in a G alpha(q)- and PKA-dependent manner. Whole cell phosphorylation assays demonstrated that the mIP undergoes cicaprost-induced PKA phosphorylation. mIP(S357A), a site-directed mutant of mIP, efficiently coupled to G alpha(s) but failed to couple to G alpha(i) or to efficiently couple to G alpha(q):PLC. Moreover, mIP(S357A) did not undergo cicaprost-induced phosphorylation confirming that Ser(357) is the target residue for PKA-dependent phosphorylation. Finally, co-precipitation experiments permitted the detection of G alpha(s), G alpha(i), and G alpha(q) in the immunoprecipitates of mIP, whereas only G alpha(s) was co-precipitated with mIP(S357A) indicating that Ser(357) of mIP is essential for G alpha(i) and G alpha(q) interaction. Moreover, inhibition of PKA blocked co-precipitation of mIP with G alpha(i) or G alpha(q). Taken together our data indicate that the mIP, in addition to coupling to G alpha(s), couples to G alpha(i) and G alpha(q); however, G alpha(i) and G alpha(q) coupling is dependent on initial cicaprost-induced mIP:G alpha(s) coupling and phosphorylation of mIP by cAMP-dependent PKA where Ser(357) was identified as the target residue for PKA phosphorylation.[1]


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