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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential involvement of the hyaluronan (HA) receptors CD44 and receptor for HA-mediated motility in endothelial cell function and angiogenesis.

Hyaluronan (HA), an important glycosaminoglycan constituent of the extracellular matrix, has been implicated in angiogenesis. It appears to exert its biological effects through binding interactions with at least two cell surface receptors: CD44 and receptor for HA-mediated motility (RHAMM). Recent in vitro studies have suggested potential roles for these two molecules in various aspects of endothelial function. However, the relative contribution of each receptor to endothelial functions critical to angiogenesis and their roles in vivo have not been established. We therefore investigated the endothelial expression of these proteins and determined the effects of antibodies against RHAMM and CD44 on endothelial cell (EC) function and in vivo angiogenesis. Both receptors were detected on vascular endothelium in situ, and on the surface of cultured EC. Further studies with active blocking antibodies revealed that anti-CD44 but not anti-RHAMM antibody inhibited EC adhesion to HA and EC proliferation, whereas anti-RHAMM but not CD44 antibody blocked EC migration through the basement membrane substrate, Matrigel. Although antibodies against both receptor inhibited in vitro endothelial tube formation, only the anti-RHAMM antibody blocked basic fibroblast growth factor-induced neovascularization in mice. These data suggest that RHAMM and CD44, through interactions with their ligands, are both important to processes required for the formation of new blood vessels.[1]


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