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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

The association of the TEL-AML1 chromosomal translocation with the accumulation of methotrexate polyglutamates in lymphoblasts and with ploidy in childhood B-progenitor cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a Pediatric Oncology Group study.

Lymphoblasts from children with B-progenitor cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BpALL) with chromosomal hyperdiploidy and with translocations affecting chromosome 12p11-13, accumulate high and low levels of methotrexate polyglutamates (MTXPGs), respectively. Recently a cryptic translocation, t(12;21) (p13;q22), has been demonstrated by molecular and fluorescence in situ hybridization techniques in this disease. The chimeric TEL-AML1 transcript, which has been associated with this translocation, can be detected in up to 25% of children with BpALL. We detected the TEL-AML1 and/or the AML1-TEL transcript in 30 (33%) of 91 patients studied. Levels of lymphoblast MTXPGs were lower in those with than in those without the TEL-AML1 translocation (P = 0.004). Hyperdiploidy was rare in lymphoblasts with the TEL-AML1 translocation (P = 0.047). Both ploidy (P= 0.0015) and TEL-AML1 status (P= 0.0043) were independently and significantly correlated with the log of the lymphoblast MTXPG level. However, the presence of TEL-AML1 or of hyperdiploidy accounted for only 22% of the variation of this value. Our results imply that each of 1.16 > or = DI and the presence of the TEL-AML1 translocation confers a 50% decrease in lymphoblast MTXPG level. When planning reduction of therapy for either of the two excellent outcome categories of hyperdiploid or TEL-AML1 BpALL, one should consider the difference between these two subgroups in the ability of lymphoblasts to accumulate MTXPGs.[1]

References

  1. The association of the TEL-AML1 chromosomal translocation with the accumulation of methotrexate polyglutamates in lymphoblasts and with ploidy in childhood B-progenitor cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a Pediatric Oncology Group study. Whitehead, V.M., Payment, C., Cooley, L., Lauer, S.J., Mahoney, D.H., Shuster, J.J., Vuchich, M.J., Bernstein, M.L., Look, A.T., Pullen, D.J., Camitta, B. Leukemia (2001) [Pubmed]
 
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