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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

IFN-gamma induces the apoptosis of WEHI 279 and normal pre-B cell lines by expressing direct inhibitor of apoptosis protein binding protein with low pI.

Interferon-gamma plays a crucial role in induction of Th1 response but is predominantly a negative regulator of B cell differentiation and Th2 response, so it is a key molecule in determining cellular or humoral immunity. In this study, we demonstrate that IFN-gamma induces apoptosis in WEHI 279 mouse B cells and IL-7-dependent mouse pre-B cells by disrupting mitochondrial membrane potential and cytochrome c release via down-regulation of Bcl-2 and Bcl-x(L). Furthermore, this apoptotic signal is promoted by the de novo synthesis of endogenous direct inhibitor of apoptosis protein binding protein with low pI (DIABLO) by IFN-gamma and its release from mitochondria into the cytosol. Inhibition of DIABLO expression by antisense oligonucleotide is sufficient to decrease caspase activities and DNA fragmentation, but not cytochrome c release from mitochondria, suggesting that DIABLO plays a critical role in promoting apoptotic signals downstream of mitochondrial events. Thus, these findings demonstrate a signaling pathway during B cell apoptosis induced by IFN-gamma and possible mechanisms by which B cell differentiation is negatively regulated by Th1-type cytokines.[1]


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