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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Evidence of H beta 58, a gene involved in mammalian placental development, in the three-toed skink, Chalcides chalcides (Squamata: Scincidae), a viviparous placentotrophic reptile.

The H beta 58 gene, whose disruption in mice causes reabsorption of the embryo at 9.5 days post-conception, is believed to be essential for development of the placenta. Although the H beta 58 gene is well conserved in some Amniota, nothing is known about its presence in reptiles, some species of which have developed a chorioallantoic placenta. In this work, we investigated the expression of H beta 58 mRNA and protein in the three-toed skink, Chalcides chalcides. H beta 58 protein expression was found in the uterine epithelium beginning from the peri-ovulatory stage. However, it increased strongly at the moment of placental formation, when a high level of expression of mRNA and protein was also observed in the extra-embryonic membranes. The expression of H beta 58 mRNA and protein was maintained, although to a lesser degree, in the placenta during late pregnancy. It was also present in the early embryo. Finally, cloning and sequencing of a gene fragment revealed strong homology of the reptile gene with that of mammals. The high degree of conservation of the gene in amniote vertebrates and its presence in a viviparous squamate reptile (as in mammals) indicates an important role of this gene in the chorioallantoic placenta formation and development.[1]

References

  1. Evidence of H beta 58, a gene involved in mammalian placental development, in the three-toed skink, Chalcides chalcides (Squamata: Scincidae), a viviparous placentotrophic reptile. Paulesu, L., Cateni, C., Romagnoli, R., Chellini, F., Angelini, F., Guarino, F.M., Rider, V., Imakawa, K., Bigliardi, E. Placenta (2001) [Pubmed]
 
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