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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Kinetic study of the hydrolysis of phthalic anhydride and aryl hydrogen phthalates.

The kinetics of the hydrolysis of phthalic anhydride and X-phenyl hydrogen phthalate (X = H, p-Me, m-Cl, and p-Cl) were studied. Several bases accelerate the reaction of phthalic anhydride: acetate, phosphate, N-methyl imidazole, 1,4-diazabicyclo[2,2,2]octane (DABCO), and carbonate. Phosphate, DABCO, and N-methyl imidazole react as nucleophiles, whereas the data do not allow the determination of whether the other bases react in the same way or as general bases catalyzing the water reaction. The rate constants for all of them including water and HO- define a Brönsted plot with beta = 0.46. The kinetics of the hydrolysis of the esters were studied below pH 6.20, and the mechanism involves the formation of phthalic anhydride, which then is hydrolyzed to the phthalic acid. Phenoxide ion has a very high rate constant for the reaction with phthalic anhydride, so above pH 6.20 it competes significantly with the hydrolysis of the anhydride. The reactions of the esters as a function of pH allow the determination of the kinetic pK(a) which are 3.06, 3.02, 2.95, and 2.93 for X = H, p-Me, m-Cl, and p-Cl, respectively. The data also show that the catalysis by the neighboring carboxy group takes place only when it is ionized (i.e., as carboxylate).[1]

References

  1. Kinetic study of the hydrolysis of phthalic anhydride and aryl hydrogen phthalates. Andrés, G.O., Granados, A.M., de Rossi, R.H. J. Org. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
 
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