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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

LIP1, a cytoplasmic protein functionally linked to the Peutz-Jeghers syndrome kinase LKB1.

LKB1 is a serine/threonine kinase which is inactivated by mutation in the Peutz-Jeghers polyposis and cancer predisposition syndrome (PJS). We have identified a novel leucine-rich repeat containing protein, LIP1, that interacts with LKB1. The LIP1 gene consists of 25 exons, maps to human chromosome 2q36 and encodes a protein of 121 kDa. LIP1 appears to be a cytoplasmically located protein whereas we and others have shown previously that LKB1 is predominantly nuclear, with only a small proportion of cells showing strong cytoplasmic expression. However, when LKB1 and LIP1 are co-expressed, the proportion of cytoplasmic LKB1 dramatically increases, suggesting that LIP1 may regulate LKB1 function by controlling its subcellular localization. Ectopic expression of both LKB1 and LIP1 in Xenopus embryos induces a secondary body axis, providing further evidence for a functional link between the two proteins. This phenotype resembles the effects of ectopic expression of TGFbeta superfamily members and their downstream effectors. A possible role for LIP1 and LKB1 in TGFbeta signalling is supported by the observation that LIP1 interacts with the TGFbeta- regulated transcription factor SMAD4, forming a LKB1-LIP1- SMAD4 ternary complex. SMAD4 mutations give rise to juvenile polyposis syndrome, which is clinically similar to PJS. Our data suggest an unsuspected mechanistic link between these two syndromes.[1]


  1. LIP1, a cytoplasmic protein functionally linked to the Peutz-Jeghers syndrome kinase LKB1. Smith, D.P., Rayter, S.I., Niederlander, C., Spicer, J., Jones, C.M., Ashworth, A. Hum. Mol. Genet. (2001) [Pubmed]
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