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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The molecular mechanism in activation-induced cell death of an Ag-reactive B cell clone.

TPA-1 is a subclone of B cell hybridomas established by somatic hybridization using B cells of A/J mice immunized with TNP-LPS, and expresses a receptor for TNP on the cell membrane. The present study showed that TPA-1 was induced to apoptotic cell death upon treatment with TNP-BSA. Therefore, TPA-1 is considered to provide a good model for the study on activation-induced cell death of mature B cells induced by soluble antigen. TNP-BSA treatment caused the generation of a large amount of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) of TPA-1, and the addition of the monovalent thiol-reactive compound: monochlorobimane (MCB) rescued it from apoptosis as well as the antioxidant reagent: N-acetyl-L-cysteine. Furthermore, MCB markedly inhibited the generation of ROS and prevented the disruption of mitochondrial membrane potential that was induced by TNP-BSA treatment. In addition, it counteracted the effect of TNP-BSA on the expression of the Bcl-2 family, resulting in down-regulation of Bax and Bad and up-regulation of Bcl-XL. Taken together, these results suggest strongly that oxidative stress of mitochondria may be involved directly in apoptotic cell death by engagement of antigen receptors on mature B cells with soluble antigen.[1]


  1. The molecular mechanism in activation-induced cell death of an Ag-reactive B cell clone. Hamano, T., Iwasaki, T., Ogata, A., Hashimoto, N., Kakishita, E. Clin. Exp. Immunol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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