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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Tumor-infiltrating CD4+ T lymphocytes express APO2 ligand (APO2L)/TRAIL upon specific stimulation with autologous lung carcinoma cells: role of IFN-alpha on APO2L/TRAIL expression and -mediated cytotoxicity.

In the present report, we have investigated TRAIL/APO2 ligand ( APO2L) expression, regulation, and function in human lung carcinoma tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. Using a panel of non-small cell lung carcinoma cell lines, we first showed that most of them expressed TRAIL-R1/DR4, TRAIL-R2/ DR5, but not TRAIL-R3/DcR1 and TRAIL-R4/DcR2, and were susceptible to APO2L/TRAIL-induced cell death. Two APO2L/TRAIL-sensitive tumor cell lines ( MHC class I(+)/II(+) or I(+)/II(-)) were selected and specific CD4(+) HLA-DR- or CD8(+) HLA-A2-restricted CTL clones were respectively isolated from autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. Interestingly, although the established T cell clones did not constitutively express detectable levels of APO2L/TRAIL, engagement of their TCR via activation with specific tumor cells selectively induced profound APO2L/TRAIL expression on the CD4(+), but not on the CD8(+), CTL clones. Furthermore, as opposed to the CD8(+) CTL clone which mainly used granule exocytosis pathway, the CD4(+) CTL clone lysed the specific target via both perforin/granzymes and APO2L/TRAIL-mediated mechanisms. The latter cytotoxicity correlated with APO2L/TRAIL expression and was significantly enhanced in the presence of IFN-alpha. More interestingly, in vivo studies performed in SCID/nonobese diabetic mice transplanted with autologous tumor and transferred with the specific CD4(+) CTL clone in combination with IFN-alpha resulted in an important APO2L/TRAIL-mediated tumor growth inhibition, which was prohibited by soluble TRAIL-R2. Our findings suggest that APO2L/TRAIL, specifically induced by autologous tumor and up-regulated by IFN-alpha, may be a key mediator of tumor-specific CD4(+) CTL-mediated cell death and point to a potent role of this T cell subset in tumor growth control.[1]


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