The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Structural variation and functional importance of a D-loop-T-loop interaction in valine-accepting tRNA-like structures of plant viral RNAs.

Valine-accepting tRNA-like structures (TLSs) are found at the 3' ends of the genomic RNAs of most plant viruses belonging to the genera Tymovirus, Furovirus, Pomovirus and Pecluvirus, and of one Tobamovirus species. Sequence alignment of these TLSs suggests the existence of a tertiary D-loop-T-loop interaction consisting of 2 bp, analogous to those in the elbow region of canonical tRNAs. The conserved G(18).Psi(55) pair of regular tRNAs is found to covary in these TLSs between G.U (possibly also modified to G.Psi) and A.G. We have mutated the relevant bases in turnip yellow mosaic virus (TYMV) and examined the mutants for symptom development on Chinese cabbage plants and for accumulation of genetic reversions. Development of symptoms is shown to rely on the presence of either A.G or G.U in the original mutants or in revertants. This finding supports the existence and functional importance of this tertiary interaction. The fact that only G.U and A.G are accepted at this position appears to result from steric and energetic limitations related to the highly compact nature of the elbow region. We discuss the implications of these findings for the various possible functions of the valine-accepting TLS.[1]

References

  1. Structural variation and functional importance of a D-loop-T-loop interaction in valine-accepting tRNA-like structures of plant viral RNAs. de Smit, M.H., Gultyaev, A.P., Hilge, M., Bink, H.H., Barends, S., Kraal, B., Pleij, C.W. Nucleic Acids Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities