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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Modulation of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor gene expression alters skin pigmentation.

The microphthalmia-associated transcription factor is implicated in melanocyte development and in the regulation of melanogenesis. Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor is thought to bind to the M-box promoter elements of tyrosinase, tyrosinase-related protein-1 and dopachrome tautomerase/tyrosinase-related protein-2 and transactivate these genes, resulting in increased pigmentation. Using a luciferase reporter construct driven by the microphthalmia-associated transcription factor promoter, we identified agents that modulate microphthalmia-associated transcription factor promoter activity. Changes in endogenous microphthalmia-associated transcription factor expression levels upon treatment with these agents were confirmed using northern and western blots, and their pigmentary modulating activities were demonstrated. Ultraviolet B irradiation and traditional Chinese medicine-1, a natural extract used in traditional Chinese medicine, upregulated microphthalmia-associated transcription factor gene expression and enhanced tyrosinase activity in vitro. Dihydrolipoic acid, lipoic acid, and resveratrol reduced microphthalmia-associated transcription factor and tyrosinase promoter activities. These agents also inhibited the forskolin- and ultraviolet B-stimulated promoter activities of these genes and significantly reduced tyrosinase activity in melanocyte cultures, resulting in depigmentation. Overexpressed microphthalmia-associated transcription factor was capable of rescuing the repressive effects of these compounds on the cotransfected tyrosinase promoter. Dark-skinned Yucatan swine treated with these agents showed visible skin lightening, which was confirmed histologically, whereas ultraviolet B-induced tanning of light-skinned swine was inhibited using these agents. Our findings suggest that modulation of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor expression can alter skin pigmentation and further confirm the central role of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor in melanogenesis.[1]

References

  1. Modulation of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor gene expression alters skin pigmentation. Lin, C.B., Babiarz, L., Liebel, F., Roydon Price, E., Kizoulis, M., Gendimenico, G.J., Fisher, D.E., Seiberg, M. J. Invest. Dermatol. (2002) [Pubmed]
 
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