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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Physical interaction of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) nuclear antigen leader protein (EBNA-LP) with human oestrogen-related receptor 1 (hERR1): hERR1 interacts with a conserved domain of EBNA-LP that is critical for EBV-induced B-cell immortalization.

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) nuclear antigen leader protein (EBNA-LP) consists of W1W2 repeats and a unique C-terminal Y1Y2 domain and plays a critical role in EBV-induced transformation. To identify the cellular proteins associating with EBNA-LP, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screen using EBNA-LP cDNA containing a single W1W2 domain as bait and an EBV-transformed human peripheral blood lymphocyte cDNA library as the source of cellular genes. Our results were as follows. (i) A cDNA in the positive yeast colony was found to encode a cellular protein, human oestrogen-related receptor 1 (hERR1), which is a constitutive transcriptional activator of the various types of oestrogen response elements. (ii) A purified chimeric protein consisting of glutathione S-transferase (GST) fused to hERR1 specifically formed complexes with EBNA-LPs containing one (EBNA-LPR1), two (EBNA-LPR2) or four W1W2 repeats (EBNA-LPR4) transiently expressed in COS-7 cells. Reciprocally, GST fused to EBNA-LPR1 or EBNA-LPR2 pulled down hERR1 transiently expressed in COS-7 cells. (iii) Mutational analyses of EBNA-LP revealed that the Y2 domain of EBNA-LP is responsible for the interaction with hERR1 and two leucines in the Y2 domain (Leu-78 and -82), which are conserved among a subset of primate gammaherpesviruses, are interactive sites for hERR1. So far, it has been reported that the only domain of EBNA-LP critical for EBV-induced transformation is the Y1Y2 domain. Potential roles of hERR1 in EBV-induced transformation are discussed.[1]


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